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Table 2 Comparison of health-related indices between management and control groups before and after 18 months

From: The effect of community-based health management on the health of the elderly: a randomized controlled trial from China

Variables Baseline After intervention
  Management group Control group P Management group Control group P
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)   Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
  or n(%) or n(%)   or n(%) or n(%)  
subjective grade items       
Health knowledge scores (0–29) 5.62(6.59) 5.35(6.38 ) 0.28 22.02(7.89) 9.61(7.08) 0.00
Self-evaluated mental health status score (1–5) 3.51(1.01) 3.54(0.81) 0.08 3.54(0.94) 3.69(0.55) 0.00
Self-evaluated health status score (1–5) 3.42(0.83) 3.40(0.87) 0.74 3.67(0.88) 3.46(0.70) 0.00
Diet (0–18) 14.59(2.11) 14.67(2.43) 0.64 15.22(1.85) 14.87(1.74) 0.00
Physical activity duration (minutes per week) 119.32(257.9) 104.38(213.1) 0.03 269.45(266.2) 168.56(170.7) 0.00
Regular Monitoring blood pressure 415(43.4%) 394(39.2%) 0.06 820(85.7%) 629(62.6%) 0.00
Regular Monitoring blood glucose 209(21.8%) 200(19.9%) 0.29 690(72.1%) 176(17.5%) 0.00
Objective measurement items       
Body Mass Index (BMI) 24.13(3.28) 23.79(3.33) 0.01 23.51(4.26) 23.31(3.63) 0.28
Male BMI 23.60(2.99) 23.66(2.98) 0.55 23.31(4.23) 23.36(3.72) 0.85
Female BMI 24.64(3.46) 23.91(3.61) 0.00 23.69(4.29) 23.27(3.55) 0.09
Waist- to- hip ratio (WHR) 0.88(0.06) 0.89(0.06) 0.29 0.88(0.06) 0.96(0.10) 0.00
Male WHR 0.89(0.06) 0.90(0.06) 0.11 0.88(0.06) 0.96(0.09) 0.00
Female WHR 0.87(0.06) 0.87(0.06) 0.69 0.88(0.06) 0.96(0.11) 0.00
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 137.10(16.0) 128.45(14.85)   0.78 131.50(14.0) 126.80(9.55) 0.00
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 84.61 ( 9.2) 81.11( 8.24) 0.00 80.85( 8.21) 80.53(5.87) 0.31
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/l) 7.11(2.44) 7.18(2.63) 0.85 5.64(1.30) 6.50(1.79) 0.00
  (n=112*) (n=133*)   (n=112*) (n=133*)  
Hyperlipemia patients triglyceride (mmol/l) 2.43(1.56) 2.21(1.89) 0.63 1.97(0.81) 1.96(0.72) 0.95
  (n=27#) (n=34#)   (n=27#) (n=34#)  
Health Service Utilization       
Number of outpatient clinic visits in the preceding 6 months 2.17(3.94) 2.14(3.48) 0.60 2.30(2.90) 2.70(2.37) 0.00
Number of admissions in the preceding 6 months 0.06(0.30) 0.06(0.40) 0.62 0.02(0.07) 0.03(0.21) 0.36
  1. * Diabetes patients, # Hyperlipemia patients.