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Table 3 Estimated annual number of cytology tests and associated costs (including consultation time and laboratory costs) by age group, Australia 2010

From: Expenditure and resource utilisation for cervical screening in Australia

Age group (years) Cytology test conducted for primary routine screening†,†† Cytology test conducted for follow-up of low-grade abnormalities††,‡ Cytology test conducted as part of "test-of-cure" management after treatment for high-grade CIN†† Overall annual number of cytology test (No. of test conducted for routine screening or follow-up of low-grade abnormalities)‡‡ Annual cost related to cytology testing (cost related to cytology test conducted for routine screening or follow-up of low-grade abnormalities) % total
No. of tests‡‡ Related cost No. of tests‡‡ Related cost No. of tests‡‡ Related cost
<20 17,800 $1.0 M 600 $32,900 60 $3,900 19,100 (18,400) $1.1 M ($1.1 M) 1%
20-24 167,100 $9.7 M 20,000 $1.2 M 4,100 $0.3 M 201,600 (187,000) $11.2 M ($10.9 M) 9%
25-29 166,900 $9.7 M 28,700 $1.7 M 10,500 $0.7 M 215,900 (195,600) $12.1 M ($11.4 M) 10%
30-49 784,200 $45.7 M 91,300 $5.2 M 76,300 $5.1 M 981,800 (875,400) $56.0 M ($50.9 M) 47%
50-69 482,700 $28.1 M 44,500 $2.6 M 61,200 $4.1 M 600,000 (527,200) $34.8 M ($30.7 M) 29%
70+ * 41,300 $2.4 M 3,900 $0.2 M 8,300 $0.6 M 54,800 (45,200) $3.2 M ($2.6 M) 3%
20-69 1,600,900 $93.2 M 184,400 $10.6 M 152,200 $10.2 M 1,999,200 (1,785,300) $114.1 M ($103.9 M) 96%
0-84 1,660,000 $96.7 M 188,900 $10.9 M 160,600 $10.8 M 2,073,100 (1,848,900) $118.3 M ($107.5 M) 100%
  1. When attending for primary screening for women without abnormal results from the previous two or more consecutive cytology tests.
  2. †† Repeat smears conducted during colposcopy examination, precancerous lesion treatments and post-treatment follow-up are not included.
  3. Follow-up of cytological low grade abnormality, or of histologically-verified CIN1 or less; or of women referred with a cytological high-grade but with no abnormality verified at colposcopy/biopsy.
  4. ‡‡ Numbers less than 100 are rounded to the nearest 10. Numbers greater than 100 are rounded to the nearest 100.
  5. * Up to 84 years.