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Table 1 Malawi and Zimbabwe: Population and HIV-related indicators, 2009

From: Short and long term retention in antiretroviral care in health facilities in rural Malawi and Zimbabwe

  Malawi[10] Thyolo[10] Zimbabwe[11] Buhera[11]
Total population 15 million 587455 13.4 million 223382
HIV prevalence (15–45 years-old) 11.9% 14.0% 14.3% 19.7%
Total people living with HIV/AIDS 1785000 82250 1916200 44000
People in need of ART – CD4<200 cells/mm3 305805 16450 389895 8800
Active and alive on ART 198864 15016 218589 9721*
Year Start HIV programme   1997   2004
Year ART implementation   2003   2005
Year Decentralisation ART activities   2006   2006
  1. * Buhera district attracts a large proportion of PLWHA from neighbouring districts.