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Table 2 Percentages of women reporting positive with respect to the three basic indicators of ANC utilization and care, by obstetric and health seeking practice factors

From: Factors associated with antenatal care adequacy in rural and urban contexts-results from two health and demographic surveillance sites in Vietnam

  Rural areas Urban areas
  All women Adequate visits (%) Early use (%) Sufficient services (%) All women (%) Adequate visits (%) Early use (%) Sufficient services (%)
Parity   *** *      
   1 614 82.3 72.5 22.2 460 97.6 96.7 82.6
   2 466 71.7 65.9 18.5 318 96.2 97.8 80.2
   3+ 238 73.9 66.8 19.3 36 100 97.2 69.4
Pregnancy at risk         
   Low risk 1142 77.0 68.9 21.0 722 97.0 97.1 81.0
   High risk 176 78.4 70.5 15.9 92 98.9 97.8 81.5
Type of ANC facilities *** *** ***   ** **  
   Public only 386 61.7 63.7 26.7 459 96.3 96.3 81.1
   Private only 116 62.9 63.8 5.2 40 97.5 100 62.5
   Both 764 92.2 77.4 20.8 312 99.0 99.0 84.3
Time for first visit   ***   ***   ***   *
   In1st trimester 1017 87.4   23.3 791 97.6   81.5
   2nd-3rd trimester 301 54.3   13.8 23 82.6   65.2
  1. p value for Chi square test of the null hypothesis that all true percentages are equal within a group (no tests for trends). *: p < 0.05; **: p < 0.01; ***: p < 0.001