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Table 1 Percentages of women reporting positive with respect to the three basic indicators of ANC utilization and care, by demographic, social and economic characteristics

From: Factors associated with antenatal care adequacy in rural and urban contexts-results from two health and demographic surveillance sites in Vietnam

  Rural areas Urban areas
  All women Adequate visits (%) Early use (%) Sufficient services (%) All women Adequate visits (%) Early use (%) Sufficient services (%)
Age group     **     
   < 25 604 77.3 67.7 16.2 109 95.4 99.1 81.7
   25-34 625 77.4 70.6 24.0 626 97.6 97.0 81.5
   35+ 89 74.2 68.5 22.5 79 96.2 96.2 77.2
Education   *** *** ***   *** *  
   Secondary or less 748 71.9 64.0 16.4 48 87.5 91.7 72.9
   High school 350 78.9 69.7 19.1 259 97.7 96.5 81.8
   Post high school 220 92.3 85.5 35.5 507 97.8 98.0 81.5
Occupation   *** *** ***   **   
   Employment 267 88.8 84.6 33.0 520 98.5 97.3 82.5
   Self employment 1051 74.2 65.2 17.1 294 94.9 96.9 78.6
Ethnic group   ***     * *  
   Kinh 1245 78.2 68.7 20.7 808 97.3 97.3 81.3
   Minority 73 60.7 76.7 13.7 6 83.3 83.3 50.0
Household economic *** *** ***     
   Low (1st tercile) 412 68.9 63.8 14.3 235 95.7 96.6 77.0
   Middle(2nd tercile) 428 76.7 67.1 20.1 292 96.6 96.6 82.5
   Rich (3rd tercile) 458 84.5 75.6 26.3 287 99.0 98.3 82.9
Community condition ***   ***     **
   Low 232 72.4 73.3 14.7 354 96.3 96.6 76.6
   Middle 780 75.1 66.5 18.8 213 97.2 98.1 88.7
   High 306 86.0 72.6 28.8 247 98.4 97.2 81.0
Total 1318 77.2 69.1 20.3 814 97.2 97.2 81.1
  1. p value for Chi square test of the null hypothesis that all true percentages are equal within a group (no tests for trends). *: p < 0.05; **: p < 0.01; ***: p < 0.001