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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of participants recruited at baseline

From: Pharmaceutical care issues identified by pharmacists in patients with diabetes, hypertension or hyperlipidaemia in primary care settings

Characteristics Intervention (n = 477)
Age , mean years (SD) 47.9 (9.6)
Gender, frequency (%)  
 Male 287 (60.2)
 Female 190 (39.8)
Ethnic Group, frequency (%)  
 Malay 206 (43.2)
 Chinese 124 (26.0)
 Indian 130 (27.3)
 Others 17 (3.6)
Education, frequency (%)  
 Primary 25 (5.2)
 Secondary 215 (45.1)
 Tertiary 178 (37.3)
 None 59 (12.3)
Cardiovascular comorbidities, frequency (%)  
 Diabetes (DM) 45 (9.4)
 Hypertension (HPT) 79 (16.6)
 Hyperlipidaemia (HLP) 42 (8.8)
 DM + HPT 54 (11.3)
 DM + HLP 70 (14.7)
 HPT + HLP 88 (18.4)
 DM + HPT + HLP 99 (20.8)
Smoking history, frequency (%)  
 Yes 74 (15.5)
 No 403 (84.5)
  1. Note: DM Diabetes mellitus, HPT Hypertension, HLP Hyperlipidaemia.