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Table 3 Annualized adjusted excess productivity cost of community acquired pneumonia by selected comorbidity group

From: Comorbidities as a driver of the excess costs of community-acquired pneumonia in U.S. commercially-insured working age adults

Cost component Pneumonia Group All Patients No key comorbidity Comorbid group
        Asthma Diabetes COPD CHF
Absenteeism PNA Sample size   4,489   3,940   248   220   103   34
   Mean   $8,284   $8,158   $7,601   $10,502   $13,651   $9,043
   (SD)   ($2,571)   ($2,362)   ($3,464)   ($4,627)   ($7,919)   ($7,962)
  Controls Sample size   1 3,441   11,802   739   1,006   308   1 01
   Mean   $7,358   $7,233   $7,625   $8,384   $9,348   $9,181
   (SD)   ($2,284)   ($2,095)   ($3,475)   ($3,694)   ($5,423)   ($8,084)
  Excess cost of PNA Mean   $926   $924   $(24)   $2,118   $4,303   $(139)
   (SE)   ($38)   ($38)   ($220)   ($312)   ($780)   ($1,366)
Short-term disability PNA Sample size   15,468   13,170   894   658   545   139
   Mean   $3,535   $2,997   $5,074   $5,124   $5,241   $7,170
   (SD)   ($7,258)   ($5,456)   ($8,505)   ($6,287)   ($2,697)   ($5,866)
  Controls Sample size   4 6,325   39,470   2,664   3,004   1,626   414
   Mean   $1,427   $1,187   $1,901   $2,198   $3,089   $4,190
   (SD)   ($2,929)   ($2,161)   ($3,186)   ($2,696)   ($1,590)   ($3,428)
  Excess cost of PNA Mean   $2,108   $1,810   $3,173   $2,927   $2,151   $2,981
   (SE)   ($58)   ($48)   ($284)   ($245)   ($116)   ($498)
Total productivity costs PNA Mean   $11,819   $11,155   $12,675   $15,626   $18,891   $16,213
   (SD)   ($7,700)   ($5,945)   ($9,184)   ($7,807)   ($8,366)   ($9,889)
  Controls Mean   $8,785   $8,420   9,526   $10,582   $12,437   $13,371
   (SD)   ($3,714)   ($3,010)   ($4,715)   ($4,574)   ($5,651)   ($8,780)
  Excess cost of PNA Mean   $3,034   $2,734   $3,149   $5,044   $6,454   $2,842
   (SE)   ($55)   ($45)   ($272)   ($263)   ($329)   ($752)
  1. Abbreviations: PNA, pneumonia; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CHF, congestive heart failure; SD, standard deviation; SE, standard error.
  2. Note: comorbid groups are not mutually exclusive. Cost estimates are from generalized linear regressions.
  3. All excess cost estimates are significant at p<0.01 except for absenteeism in the asthma and CHF comorbid groups.