Skip to main content

Table 2 Annualized adjusted excess medical cost of community acquired pneumonia by selected comorbidity group

From: Comorbidities as a driver of the excess costs of community-acquired pneumonia in U.S. commercially-insured working age adults

Attribute Pneumonia Group All Patients No key comorbidity Comorbid group
        Asthma Diabetes COPD CHF
Sample size PNA Cases 402,831 333,485 25,560 32,677 16,343 5,062
  Controls 1,425,045 1,155,049 92,524 131,544 50,785 20,814
Cost component               
Inpatient PNA Cases Mean   $5,373   $4,235   $6,884   $12,111   $12,452   $27,534
   (SD)   ($6,022)   ($4,689)   ($6,042)   ($9,363)   ($8,390)   ($11,604)
  Controls Mean   $1,472   $1,093   $1,976   $3,706   $3,676   $9,195
   (SD)   ($2,548)   ($1,833)   ($2,718)   ($4,706)   ($3,770)   ($5,925)
  Excess cost of PNA Mean   $3,900   $3,143   $4,908   $8,404   $8,777   $18,339
   (SE)   ($9)   ($8)   ($38)   ($52)   ($66)   ($163)
  As % of total medical cost   34%   32%   48%   51%   52%   58%
Outpatient PNA Cases Mean   $9,236   $8,089   $9,304   $14,130   $13,634   $24,713
   (SD)   ($18,160)   ($17,234)   ($9,887)   ($20,046)   ($14,641)   ($27,510)
  Controls Mean   $3,441   $2,843   $5,094   $7,278   $6,937   $12,760
   (SD)   ($6,765)   ($6,057)   ($5,413)   ($10,325)   ($7,449)   ($14,204)
  Excess cost of PNA Mean   $5,796   $5,246   $4,210   $6,852   $6,698   $11,953
   (SE)   ($29)   ($30)   ($62)   ($111)   ($115)   ($387)
  As % of total medical cost   51%   53%   41%   42%   39%   38%
Pharmacy PNA Cases Mean   $3,031   $2,457   $3,582   $4,800   $4,695   $5,404
   (SD)   ($4,434)   ($4,326)   ($3,098)   ($3,028)   ($3,678)   ($4,272)
  Controls Mean   $1,332   $979   $2,542   $3,706   $3,130   $4,103
   (SD)   ($1,949)   ($1,725)   ($2,198)   ($2,338)   ($2,452)   ($3,244)
  Excess cost of PNA Mean   $1,698   $1,477   $1,040   $1,094   $1,565   $1,301
   (SE)   ($7)   ($7)   ($19)   ($17)   ($29)   ($60)
  As % of total medical cost   15%   15%   10%   7%   9%   4%
Total medical PNA Cases Mean   $17,640   $14,781   $19,770   $31,041   $30,781   $57,652
   (SD)   ($26,704)   ($24,880)   ($17,392)   ($29,843)   ($23,809)   ($37,756)
  Controls Mean   $6,245   $4,915   $9,612   $14,690   $13,742   26,059
   (SD)   ($10,549)   ($9,179)   ($9,373)   ($15,955)   ($12,216)   ($20,440)
  Excess cost of PNA Mean   11,395   $9,866   $10,158   $16,351   $17,039   31,593
   (SE)   ($42)   ($43)   ($109)   ($165)   ($186)   ($531)
  1. Abbreviations: PNA, pneumonia; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CHF, congestive heart failure; SD, standard deviation; SE, standard error.
  2. Note: comorbid groups are not mutually exclusive. Cost estimates are from generalized linear regressions.
  3. All excess cost estimates are significant at p<0.01.