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Table 2 Multilevel linear regression of the logarithm of days (95% confidence intervals) in rehabilitation time prior to disability pension award

From: Rehabilitation time before disability pension

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
β 95% CI β 95% CI β 95% CI
Females vs. Males 0.00 −0.06 to 0.05 0.01 −0.05 to 0.08 0.01 −0.05 to 0.08
Age:
 44-46 Ref   Ref   Ref  
 57-59 −0.15 −0.30 to 0.01 −0.17 −0.33 to −0.02 −0.17 −0.33 to −0.02
 50-52 −0.28 −0.43 to −0.13 −0.31 −0.47 to −0.16 −0.32 −0.47 to −0.17
 53-55 −0.21 −0.36 to −0.06 −0.24 −0.38 to −0.09 −0.26 −0.41 to −0.11
 56-58 −0.53 −0.68 to −0.39 −0.56 −0.71 to −0.41 −0.59 −0.75 to −0.44
 59-61 −0.80 −0.95 to −0.64 −0.82 −0.98 to −0.67 −0.85 −1.01 to −0.69
Unemployed prior to disability vs. not 0.16 0.10 to 0.22 0.16 0.10 to 0.22 0.16 0.10 to 0.22
Number of reported chronic illnesses    0.03 −0.01 to 0.06 0.03 −0.01 to 0.06
Self-rated health:
 Very good    Ref   Ref  
 Good    −0.08 −0.34 to 0.19 −0.07 −0.33 to 0.19
 Fair    0.02 −0.23 to 0.28 0.03 −0.23 to 0.29
 Poor    0.08 −0.19 to 0.35 0.08 −0.19 to 0.35
Depressed:
 Never/rarely    Ref   Ref  
 Sometimes    0.09 −0.15 to 0.34 −0.09 −0.16 to 0.33
 Often    0.12 −0.12 to 0.37 0.11 −0.23 to 0.36
 Almost all the time    0.14 −0.13 to 0.41 0.13 −0.14 to 0.40
Headache:
 Never/rarely    Ref   Ref  
 Once or several times per month    −0.04 −0.10 to 0.03 −0.04 −0.11 to 0.03
 Once or several times per week    −0.11 −0.22 to −0.00 −0.11 −0.22 to 0.00
 Daily    −0.07 −0.30 to 0.16 −0.07 −0.30 to 0.16
Pain in neck or shoulder:
 Never/rarely    Ref   Ref  
 Once or several times per month    0.02 −0.04 to 0.09 0.02 −0.04 to 0.09
 Once or several times per week    0.04 −0.06 to 0.14 0.04 −0.06 to 0.14
 Daily    0.09 0.00 to 0.18 0.09 0.00 to 0.18
Smoking:
 Non-smoker    Ref   Ref  
 Former smoker    −0.00 −0.08 to 0.08 0.00 −0.08 to 0.08
 Smoker    −0.02 −0.09 to 0.05 −0.01 −0.09 to 0.06
Alcohol:
 Non-drinker    Ref   Ref  
 Up to 1–2 times per month    0.03 −0.03 to 0.10 0.03 −0.03 to 0.10
 More than once a week/daily    0.10 −0.03 to 0.24 0.10 −0.03 to 0.24
Education:
 High level      Ref  
 Medium level      −0.01 −0.07 to 0.05
 Low Level      0.07 −0.03 to 0.16
Municipality size:
 Under 7,500 inhabitants      Ref  
 7,500 to 15,000 inhabitants      0.02 −0.07 to 0.11
 Over 15,000 inhabitants      −0.07 −0.16 to 0.03
 Rehabilitation rate in municipality      0.02 −0.01 to 0.05
Random effects:
 Municipality variance 0.0048   0.0046   0.0041  
 Years within municipality variance 0.0026   0.0024   0.0023  
 Individual variance 0.3329   0.3268   0.3259  
ICC: 0.02   0.02   0.02  
  1. 1,757 individuals in 45 municipalities.