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Table 4 Breakdown of mean time worked and costs by personnel (C$)

From: Patient and work flow and costs associated with staff time and facility usage at a comprehensive cancer centre in Quebec, Canada – a time and motion study

Category Mean Time Worked Cost Portion of Cost Portion of Cost
  (min)   Physician Visit Treatment Visit
1. Pharmacy     
a. Technician     
 i. Preparation of FOLFOX/bevacizumab 29.9 $11.88   $11.88
 ii. Preparation of XELOX/bevacizumab 17.8 $7.07   $7.07
b. Pharmacist     
 i. Preparation of FOLFOX/bevacizumab 31.5 $25.09   $25.09
 ii. Preparation of XELOX/bevacizumab 17.3 $13.78   $13.78
Total pharmacy for FOLFOX/bevacizumab (n=52) 61.4 $36.97   $36.97
Total pharmacy for XELOX/bevacizumab (n=8) 35.1 $20.85   $20.85
Treatment Average (86.7% FOLFOX; 13.3% XELOX)   $34.81   $34.81
2. Nursing
a. Blood (physician and treatment visits)* 10.4 $6.84 $1.02 $5.82
b. Treatment 24.6 $16.18   $16.18
c. Discharge 11.0 $7.25   $7.25
d. Prescription verification 4.5 $2.94   $2.94
e. Preparation of IV bags 2.4 $1.61   $1.61
Total 52.9 $34.82 $1.02 $33.80
3. Phlebotomist     
a. Blood (physician and treatment visits)* 3.0 $1.61 $1.08 $0.53
b. Sending tubes of blood down to laboratory (physician and treatment visits) 2.0 $1.04 $0.52 $0.52
Total 5.0 $2.65 $1.60 $1.05
4. Secretary     
a. 7th floor registration 1.3 $0.53 $0.53  
b. Appointment booking 12.1 $4.86 $4.86  
c. 8th floor registration 1.1 $0.43   $0.43
d. Pharmacy secretary 1.4 $0.55   $0.55
Total 15.9 $6.37 $5.39 $0.98
5. Orderly     
a. Weighing 1.0 $0.38 $0.38  
b. Exam room preparation 1.1 $0.43 $0.43  
Total 2.1 $0.81 $0.81  
6. Clerk     
Retrieving and filing patient charts (physician and treatment visits) 1.2 $0.46 $0.23 $0.23
7. Other     
(physician and treatment visits) 2.0 $1.24 $0.20 $1.04
TOTAL   $81.16 $9.25 $71.91
  1. *Whether blood is taken by the nurse or phlebotomist is dependent on the special circumstances of the patient, therefore the mean time worked was calculated using n= combined number of observations for the nurse and for the phlebotomist.