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Table 6 Associations between skills and barriers for finding, reviewing and using evidence I clinical practice

From: Factors influencing the development of evidence-based practice among nurses: a self-report survey

Barriers Self-reported skills
Beginner or novice Quite good Competent or expert P value1
Barriers to finding evidence     
I do not know how to find appropriate research reports     <0.001
Agree strongly/agree 90 (40.2) 3 (2.5) 0 (0.0)  
Neither agree nor disagree 62 (27.7) 19 (16.0) 5 (8.5)  
Disagree/disagree strongly 72 (32.1) 97(81.5) 54 (91.5)  
Research reports are not easy to find     <0.001
Agree strongly/agree 98 (43.6) 28 (23.5) 4 (6.8)  
Neither agree nor disagree 100 (44.4) 45 (37.8) 10 (16.9)  
Disagree/disagree strongly 27 (8.5) 46 (38.7) 45 (76.3)  
Reviewing research-based evidence     
I find it difficult to understand research reports     <0.001
Agree strongly/agree 89 (34.0) 9 (8.8) 3 (7.7)  
Neither agree nor disagree 121(46.2) 40 (39.2) 4 (10.3)  
Disagree/disagree strongly 52 (19.8) 53 (52.0) 32 (82.1)  
I do not feel confident in judging the quality of research reports     <0.001
Agree strongly/agree 177 (67.6) 30 (29.7) 3 (7.7)  
Neither agree nor disagree 63 (24.0) 24 (23.8) 9 (23.1)  
Disagree/disagree strongly 22 (8.4) 47 (46.5) 27 (69.2)  
Use of research-based evidence to change practice     
I do not feel confident about beginning to change my practice     <0.001
Agree strongly/agree 61 (21.2) 9 (10.5) 1 (4.0)  
Neither agree nor disagree 112 (38.9) 29 (33.7) 5 (20.0)  
Disagree/disagree strongly 115 (39.9) 48 (55.8) 19 (76.0)  
I lack authority in the work place to change practice     <0.001
Agree strongly/agree 64 (82.1) 10 (12.8) 4 (5.1)  
Neither agree nor disagree 118 (77.1) 30 (19.6) 5 (3.3)  
Disagree/disagree strongly 108 (63.5) 46 (27.1) 16 (9.4)  
  1. 1Chi-square test.