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Table 7 Effect of socioeconomic factors on willingness of the elderly to use care services

From: Willingness to use and pay for options of care for community-dwelling older people in rural Vietnam

Levels of payment/Terms Free-of-charge Less than cost Full cost
  Coef. OR P Coef. OR P Coef. OR P
Mobile team          
Instrumental ADL index 0.151 1.16 0.001 0.085 1.09 0.018    
Intellectual ADL index     -0.219 0.80 < 0.001 -0.103 0.90 0.003
Aged 60-69     0.188 1.21 0.040    
Married 0.473 1.61 0.001 0.244 1.28 0.026    
Separated/Divorced     -0.648 0.52 0.016    
Living with spouse -0.797 0.45 < 0.001 -0.582 0.56 < 0.001    
Living with son/daughter     -0.255 0.78 0.029    
Living with grandchildren     0.298 1.35 0.004 0.356 1.43 < 0.001
Lowlands -0.267 0.77 0.018     -0.328 0.72 < 0.001
Living under NPL     -0.268 0.77 0.018 -0.267 0.76 0.023
Richest quintile -0.793 0.45 < 0.001       
Richer quintile -0.451 0.64 0.003 0.249 1.28 0.011    
Middle quintile -0.368 0.69 0.014     -0.290 0.75 0.004
Poorer quintile        -0.298 0.74 0.007
Constant 1.91 - < 0.001 0.385 - 0.002 -0.373 - < 0.001
Day care centre          
Basic ADL index -0.542 0.58 < 0.001 -0.452 0.64 0.001 -0.540 0.58 0.001
Intellectual ADL index -0.392 0.68 < 0.001 -0.363 0.70 < 0.001 -0.276 0.76 < 0.001
Aged 60-69 0.352 1.42 0.008 0.720 2.06 < 0.001 0.738 2.09 < 0.001
Aged 70-79 0.305 1.36 0.012 0.557 1.75 < 0.001 0.460 1.59 < 0.001
High school & higher     0.488 1.63 0.007    
Primary/secondary school     0.245 1.28 0.014    
Married 0.500 1.65 < 0.001       
Living with spouse -0.828 0.44 < 0.001 -0.430 0.65 < 0.001    
Living alone     -0.437 0.65 0.002    
Living with grandchildren        0.275 1.32 0.001
Highlands 0.254 1.29 0.004       
Still working     -0.194 0.824 0.030 -0.379 0.69 < 0.001
Living under NPL        -0.325 0.72 0.010
Richest quintile     0.204 1.23 0.001    
Middle quintile 0.277 1.32 0.011     -0.328 0.72 0.002
Poorer        -0.285 0.75 0.015
Constant 0.928 - < 0.001 0.085 - 0.537 -0.663 - < 0.001
Nursing centre          
Instrumental ADL index     0.159 1.17 < 0.001 0.215 1.24 < 0.001
Intellectual ADL index -0.179 0.84 < 0.001 -0.367 0.69 < 0.001 -0.438 0.65 < 0.001
Aged 60-69     0.380 1.46 0.018    
Aged 70-79     0.294 1.34 0.046    
Male 0.241 1.27 0.009 0.215 1.24 0.048    
High school & higher -0.332 0.72 0.044       
Living with spouse -0.372 0.69 0.001 -0.356 0.69 < 0.001 -0.368 0.69 0.003
Lowlands -0.482 0.62 < 0.001 -0.636 0.53 < 0.001 -0.847 0.43 < 0.001
Living under NPL        -0.355 0.70 0.040
Richest quintile -0.624 0.54 < 0.001       
Richer quintile -0.362 0.70 0.001       
Poorer quintile -0.457 0.63 < 0.001       
Constant 0.304 - 0.002 -1.085 - < 0.001 -1.229 - < 0.001
  1. Coef coefficient; OR odds ratio; P p value; NPL national poverty level