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Table 3 Odds ratios of cervical cancer screening by demographic, socio-economic, lifestyle, personal and health-related characteristics

From: Personal factors influence use of cervical cancer screening services: epidemiological survey and linked administrative data address the limitations of previous research

   Model A Univariate Model B Multivariate Model C Multivariate (without service use)
Characteristics   OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Demographic        
Age group 44-48 1.00    1.00   
  64-68 0.72    0.44 0.30-0.64  
Had child/children No 1.00    1.00   1.00
  Yes 1.64 1.16-2.31 1.85 1.26-2.73 1.67 1.15-2.41
Spousal status no partner 1.00      
  has partner 1.56 1.24-1.96     
Race Caucasian 1.00      
  not Caucasian 0.87 0.53-1.43     
Overall Medicare use low 1.00      
  medium 2.86 2.24-3.67 4.80 3.57-6.46   
  high 2.28 1.68-3.09 7.10 4.62-10.92   
Socio-economic        
Financial hardship None 1.00      
  1 or more 0.61 0.38-1.00     
Welfare receipt not main income 1.00    1.00   1.00
  main income 0.47 0.35-0.63 0.65 0.46-0.92 0.60 0.43-0.84
Housing own home 1.00      
  renting 0.64 0.45-0.91     
Employment unemployed/not in labour force 1.00    1.00   1.00
  working 1.65 1.33-2.04 1.42 1.02-1.99 1.44 1.12-1.85
Grew up in poverty no 1.00      
  yes 0.81 0.59-1.10     
Highest educational attainment < high-school 1.00      
  < tertiary 0.93 0.72-1.21     
  tertiary degree 1.08 0.83-1.39     
Lifestyle risk factors        
BMI < 30 1.00    1.00   1.00
  ≥ 30 (obese) 0.74 0.57-0.96 0.70 0.52-0.94 0.76 0.58-0.99
Smoking status never/former 1.00    1.00   1.00
  current smoker 0.53 0.39-0.72 0.51 0.36-0.74 0.47 0.34-0.66
Illicit drug use none 1.00    1.00   1.00
  former/current 1.32 1.05-1.66 1.40 1.05-1.87 1.34 1.03-1.74
Physical activity moderate/vigorous 1.00      
  little/no exercise 0.82 0.66-1.02     
Alcohol none to medium       
  hazardous/harmful 1.16 0.76-1.75     
Traumatic events (reference = not experienced)        
Lifetime rape   0.90 0.59-1.38     
Lifetime sexual molestation   1.08 0.82-1.41     
Childhood sexual abuse   0.44 0.21-0.90 0.42 0.19-0.90 0.42 0.20-0.91
Childhood physical abuse   0.65 0.41-1.04     
Early sexual experience   1.51 0.73-3.16     
Personality        
Neuroticism   1.00 0.87-1.15     
Extroversion   1.16 0.97-1.40     
Mastery   1.12 0.96-1.30     
Health        
Self-rated health excellent/very good/good 1.00      
  fair/poor 0.54 0.39-0.75     
RAND physical functioning   1.39 1.21-1.59 1.24 1.04-1.48   
RAND mental health   1.10 0.96-1.26     
Goldberg anxiety scale < 7 1.00    1.00   1.00
  ≥ 7 0.68 0.50-0.92 0.59 0.41-0.83 0.70 0.52-0.96
Goldberg depression scale < 7 1.00      
  ≥ 7 0.63 0.42-0.95