Skip to main content

Table 4 Prevalence of self-reported and clinically measured HBP by levels of the covariates included in the prediction models (NHANES1 urban sample)

From: Hypertension: Development of a prediction model to adjust self-reported hypertension prevalence at the community level

  N NHANES2Prevalences Difference3
   Clinical Self-reported  
Overall 1124 33.8 25.7 8.1
Age
 25-34 172 37.4 30.6 6.8
 35-49 256 61.1 54.7 6.4
 50+ 169 67.0 51.5 15.5
Gender
 Females 583 34.3 28.2 6.1
 Males 541 33.2 22.9 10.3
Marital Status
 Current Married 692 31.6 23.3 8.3
 Not Married 432 37.9 30.1  
Race/ethnicity
 Latino 261 21.1 10.8 10.3
 non-Hispanic White 614 35.8 27.7 8.1
 non-Hispanic Black 215 40.3 31.1 9.2
Education
 <12 366 45.5 36.4 9.1
 12 251 36.7 27.7 9.0
 12+ 502 28.2 20.9 7.3
Annual Household Income
 <$10,000 166 46.9 35.4 11.5
 $10,000-19,999 177 44.2 36.3 7.9
 $20,000-34,999 221 37.0 29.0 8.0
 $35,000+ 307 30.8 22.5 8.3
  1. 1: NHANES urban sample.
  2. 2: Hypertensive if mean systolic BP= >140 or mean diastolic BP= > 90 or currently taking hypertensive medication.
  3. 3: Difference between clinical and self-reported hypertension.