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Table 1 Bivariate analysis on ED visits or hospital admissions within 6 months after last scheduled primary care appointment

From: No-shows to primary care appointments: subsequent acute care utilization among diabetic patients

N = 8787   N (%) ED visits in Pvalue* Hospital admissions Pvalue*
    6 months   in 6 months  
    mean (SD)   mean (SD)  
Gender Female 5268(59.9%) 0.43(1.16) <0.0001 0.16(0.75) 0.03
  Male 3519(40.1%) 0.36(1.09) - 0.14(0.52) -
Age 18–30 314(3.6%) 0.68(1.42) <0.0001 0.13(0.49) 0.005
  31–45 1676(19.1%) 0.56(1.56) <0.0001 0.12(0.48) <0.0001
  46–70 5695(64.8%) 0.36(1.01) 0.28 0.15(0.73) <0.0001
  ≥ 70 1102(12.5%) 0.33(0.80) - 0.21(0.62) -
Race Black 3655(41.6%) 0.50(1.22) <0.0001 0.17(0.65) 0.01
  Other 782(8.9%) 0.28(0.98) 0.001 0.13(1.21) 0.11
  Unknown 383(4.4%) 0.18(0.56) <0.0001 0.08(0.45) 0.0004
  White 3967(45.2%) 0.36(1.11) - 0.15(0.54) -
Insurance Medicaid 779(8.9%) 0.74(1.88) <0.0001 0.27(1.00) <0.0001
  Medicare 2746(31.3%) 0.41(1.03) <0.0001 0.21(0.63) <0.0001
  Self-pay 471(5.4%) 0.47(1.49) <0.0001 0.11(0.39) 0.04
  County 2792(31.8%) 0.46(1.16) <0.0001 0.13(0.78) <0.0001
Tax-funded       
Program       
  Commercial Insurance 1999(22.8%) 0.17(0.56) - 0.08(0.35) -
Cardiovascular Yes 1313(14.9%) 0.53(1.30) <0.0001 0.32(0.74) <0.0001
  No 7474(85.1%) 0.38(1.10) - 0.13(0.65) -
Nephropathy Yes 526(6.0%) 0.63(1.43) <0.0001 0.46(1.66) <0.0001
  No 8261(94.0%) 0.39(1.11) - 0.13(0.54) -
Charlson Score 1 6495(73.9%) 0.34(1.00) <0.0001 0.10(0.50) <0.0001
  2 1497(17.0%) 0.53(1.46) <0.0001 0.20(0.61) <0.0001
  3+ 795(9.1%) 0.68(1.37) - 0.47(1.44) -
ED visits within 6 months prior to last scheduled primary care appointment Yes 2584(29.4%) 0.86(1.75) <0.0001 -+ -
  No 6203(70.6%) 0.21(0.65) - -+ -
Hospital admissions within 6 months prior to last scheduled primary care appointment Yes 1081(12.3%) -+ - 0.58(1.52) <0.0001
  No 7706(87.7%) -+ - 0.09(0.39) -
No-show at last scheduled primary care appointment Yes 1421(16.2%) 0.56(1.48) <0.0001 0.22(0.83) <0.0001
  No 7366(83.8%) 0.38(1.05) - 0.14(0.63) -
  1. *P values are from Poisson regression. + Bivariate associations for variables that were not to be included in the multivariable analyses were not computed.