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Table 1 Overview of four NSV services that took part in this research

From: Vasectomy as a proxy: extrapolating health system lessons to male circumcision as an HIV prevention strategy in Papua New Guinea

NSV Service Program Design Service Leadership Frontline Workforce Service Delivery Promotion of Service Estimated Annual Service Finance
Eastern Highlands Province (Government Service) Stand alone service situated within family health services program Provincial health 2 x CHW · Clinic 2 x per week · Peers/ Word of mouth ~400 per year UNFPA
   Family health services coordinator 1 x NO · Outreach when requested · District CHW   HSIP
Central Province (NGO service) Aligned with men’s sexual and reproductive health program International NGO 1 x CHW · Rural outreach service. · Men’s health clinic. ~ 2 per year at urban clinic NGO supported
    3 x NO · Saturday clinic when available · Promotion during outreach ~ 100 per year in rural areas Small fee for service
    1 x visiting medical doctor   · Peers/word of mouth   
      · District CHWs   
      · Incentives for health worker and clients   
Central Province (Urban Government Hospital) Aligned with Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department Hospital Department Head Medical doctors · As requested and when available · Wives/mothers ~ 40 per year Government
      · Peers/word of mouth   
Madang Province (Government Service) Stand alone service situated within family health services program Provincial Government 2 x CHWs · No set clinic · Peers/word of mouth Between 200 and 300 a year NGO Support for training and outreach
   Family Health services coordinator   · Outreach as required · Promotion during outreach   HSIP
      · District CHWs   UNFPA
   Technical assistance from International NGO    · Incentives for clients   
  1. NO: Nursing Officer; CHW: Community Health Worker; HSIP: Health Sector Improvement Program.