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Table 2 Proportion of participants with risk factors according to sex and region

From: Assessing cardiovascular risk in regional areas: the Healthy Hearts – Beyond City Limits program

  Colac East Gippsland Geelong Shepparton All
n = 548 (26%) n = 552 (26%) n = 520 (24%) n = 505 (24%)
  Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women  
  n = 265 n = 283 n = 218 n = 334 n = 191 n = 329 n = 233 n = 272  
Socio-demographic risk factors:         
Aged over 55 years 123 (46%) 149 (53%) 146 (67%) 207 (62%) 144 (75%) 241 (73%) 144 (62%) 178 (65%) 1,332 (63%)
Male gender (% of total cohort) 265 (48%)   218 (40%)   191 (37%)   233 (46%)   907 (43%)
Risk factor profile:         
Current smoking 38 (14%) 27 (10%) 25 (12%) 39 (12%) 11 (6%) 23 (7%) 30 (13%) 34 (13%) 227 (11%)
Hypertension 179 (68%) 158 (56%) 155 (71%) 178 (53%) 113 (59%) 149 (45%) 161 (69%) 157 (58%) 1,250 (59%)
Obese (BMI) 59 (22%) 71 (25%) 49 (23%) 90 (27%) 37 (19%) 84 (26%) 109 (47%) 96 (35%) 595 (28%)
Abdominal obesity 92 (35%) 118 (42%) 69 (32%) 173 (52%) 68 (36%) 170 (52%) 125 (54%) 137 (51%) 952 (45%)
Elevated total cholesterol 199 (76%) 192 (69%) 147 (71%) 210 (65%) 111 (58%) 194 (59%) 148 (64%) 157 (58%) 1,358 (65%)
Elevated LDL cholesterol 194 (85%) 190 (72%) 143 (75%) 191 (65%) 119 (67%) 189 (61%) 129 (63%) 147 (57%) 1,302 (67%)
Reduced HDL cholesterol 86 (34%) 33 (12%) 60 (29%) 36 (11%) 80 (43%) 39 (12%) 75 (33%) 27 (10%) 436 (21%)
Metabolic syndrome 113 (43%) 97 (34%) 93 (43%) 133 (40%) 85 (45%) 130 (40%) 135 (58%) 114 (42%) 900 (42%)
Increased alcohol consumption 66 (30%) 56 (17%) 46 (24%) 29 (9%) 91 (39%) 41 (15%) 329 (21%)
Physical inactivity 66 (27%) 91 (35%) 34 (17%) 99 (33%) 45 (25%) 82 (26%) 60 (29%) 83 (34%) 560 (29%)
Absolute CVD risk (primary & secondary):          
Low risk 65 (44%) 136 (84%) 68 (46%) 195 (85%) 62 (48%) 209 (89%) 74 (49%) 158 (86%) 967 (70%)
Moderate risk 49 (33%) 19 (12%) 48 (33%) 28 (12%) 46 (36%) 24 (10%) 47 (31%) 22 (12%) 283 (20%)
High risk 34 (23%) 7 (4%) 31 (21%) 6 (3%) 21 (16%) 1 (1%) 31 (20%) 4 (2%) 135 (10%)
≥ 2 modifiable risk factors 202 (76%) 194 (69%) 164 (75%) 233 (70%) 132 (69%) 201 (61%) 188 (81%) 194 (71%) 1,508 (71%)
Family history of CVD 55 (21%) 68 (24%) 49 (23%) 103 (31%) 75 (39%) 125 (38%) 87 (37%) 111 (41%) 673 (32%)
Pre-existing CVD 49 (19%) 47 (17%) 52 (24%) 46 (14%) 31 (16%) 41 (13%) 46 (20%) 48 (18%) 360 (17%)
Type 2 diabetes/hyperglycaemia 18 (7%) 13 (5%) 13 (6%) 20 (6%) 11 (6%) 11 (3%) 18 (8%) 20 (7%) 124 (6%)
Potential depression 42 (16%) 56 (21%) 30 (14%) 83 (26%) 45 (24%) 108 (34%) 73 (33%) 77 (30%) 514 (25%)
  1. LDL cholesterol calculated for 1,930 participants, physical inactivity available for 1,949 and absolute CVD risk estimated for 1,385 cases.