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Table 3 Mean, median and range for the out-of-pocket expenditure incurred for those brought dead to the study hospitals following road traffic injury by select variables

From: Burden of out-of-pocket expenditure for road traffic injuries in urban India

Variable Category N Total out-of-pocket expenditure * (In USD†)
Mean (SD) Median Range
Type of road user‡ Pedestrian/cyclist 10 1114 (917.4) 770.5 407.3-3,475
MTV 14 1453.4 (751.4) 1,263.1 375.0-3,117
Others 10 793 (231.8) 797.2 482.7-1,188.6
Per capita annual household income quartile I (lowest) 8 1025 (900.5) 661.9 375.0-3,117
II 9 948.5 (343.9) 820.5 663.6-1,735.2
III 6 1057 (626.3) 834.7 407.3-1,963.6
IV (highest) 11 1485.4 (872.4) 1,246.6 486.4-3,475
Total   34 1159.4 (738) 986 375.0-3,475
  1. SD refers to standard deviation.
  2. *Transport expenses, food and phone expenses incurred by the household related to this road traffic crash (RTC), repair/damage expenses of vehicle involved in RTC, legal and other miscellaneous expenses.
  3. †United States Dollar; 1 USD was approximately Indian Rupees 44 during the study period.
  4. ‡ Kruskal test for equality of median: p = 0.045 for total out-of-pocket expenditure; MTV: motorosied two-wheeled vehicles including moped/luna, scooter/scootertte and motorcycle; others include all vehicles other than MTV/ cycle & pedestrians.
  5. ¶ Kruskal test for equality of median: p = 0.197.