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Table 2 Mean, median and range for the components of non-medical expenditure incurred for those who arrived alive at study hospitals following road traffic injury by select variables

From: Burden of out-of-pocket expenditure for road traffic injuries in urban India

Variable Category N Type of cost
Transportation* (In USD**) Food & phone† (In USD**) Vehicle‡ (In USD**) Legal (In USD**) Miscellaneous§ (In USD**)
Mean (SD) Median Range Mean (SD) Median Range Mean (SD) Median Range Mean (SD) Median Range Mean (SD) Median Range
Type of road user†† Pedestrian/ cyclist 220 84.6 56.5 1.6-84.1 72.8 54.5 0.8-359.8 0.5 0 0-18.2 7.3 0 0-134.1 91.8 5 0-1,386.4
   (103.6)    (64)    (2.1)    (19.7)    (236.7)   
MTV 356 107.1 42.7 0.8-8,015.9 83.2 47.6 0.6-1,688.3 49.7 5.1 0-2,181.8 11.2 0 0-545.5 98.2 4.3 0-4,697.7
   (453.8)    (118.8)    (142.5)    (42.2)    (349)   
Others 147 70 54.8 0.3-316.7 81.1 58.2 3.0-732.4 102.2 0 0-4,545.5 27.1 0 0-2,386.4 44.2 3.1 0-686.4
    (59.1)    (82.7)    (516.4)    (200.1)    (119.3)   
Type of hospital‡‡ Private 168 135.2 34.3 0.8-8,015.9 74.6 39 0.6-1,688.3 79.3 0 0-3,409.1 22.4 0 0-2,386.4 105.3 1.1 0-4,697.7
   (654.7)    (147.1)    (338.9)    (185.3)    (446)   
  Public 555 79.9 56.8 0.3-700.2 81.2 58.2 0.8-732.4 35.1 0 0-4,545.5 10.5 0 0-545.5 79.2 5.7 0-1,386.4
    (86.8)    (77.3)    (223.4)    (39.2)    (210.7)   
Per capita annual household income quartile‡‡ $ I (lowest) 197   59.1 0.8-686.4   52.6 1.0-1,688.3   0 0-4,545.5   0 0-545.5   5 0-1,386.4
   72.1    85    43    10.8    93.2   
   (71.7)    (139.7)    (327.8)    (42.2)    (246.1)   
II 192 101.2 62.7 0.3-2,597.7 85.2 69.8 3.0-464.0 35.2 0 0-1,818.2 7.7 0 0-204.5 81.3 6 0-4,697.7
   (204)    (71.8)    (172.1)    (23.2)    (361.6)   
III 153 76.7 42.5 1.4-840.9 70 46.4 0.8-336.8 28.7 0 0-544.0 9.1 0 0-417.0 68.7 3 0-1,250.9
   (109)    (64.8)    (85)    (37.5)    (211.1)   
IV (highest) 180 120.1 35.8 1.1-8015.9 76.2 43.2 0.6-653.8 73.4 0 0-3,409.1 25.5 0 0-2,386.4 93.6 1.8 0-2,275.0
    (603.1)    (90)    (326.4)    (181.5)    (281.2)   
Total   723 92.7 50.6 0.2-8015.9 79.6 52.3 0.6-1,688.3 45.4 0 0-4,545.5 13.3 0 0-2,386.4 85.3 4.3 0-4,697.7
    (324.7)    (97.9)    (255.3)    (95.6)    (283.2)   
  1. SD refers to standard deviation.
  2. * All transport expenses other than ambulance.
  3. † Food and phone expenses incurred by the household related to this road traffic crash (RTC).
  4. ‡ Repair/damage expenses of vehicle involved in RTC.
  5. Expenses related to police, compensation, death certificates, and lawyers to this RTC.
  6. § Expenses other than transportation, food/phone, vehicle and legal costs.
  7. **United States Dollar; 1 USD was approximately Indian Rupees 44 during the study period.
  8. †† Kruskal test for equality of median: p = 0.082, 0.493, , and 0.404 for transport, food & phone, and miscellaneous expenditure respectively; MTV: motorosied two-wheeled vehicles including moped/luna, scooter/scootertte and motorcycle; others include all vehicles other than MTV/ cycle & pedestrians.
  9. ‡ ‡ Kruskal test for equality of median: p < 0.001 for transport, food & phone, and miscellaneous expenditure.
  10. ¶¶ Data not available for 1 participant; Kruskal test for equality of median: p = 0.008, 0.040, and 0.003 for transport, food & phone, and miscellaneous expenditure respectively.