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Table 2 Characteristics of the included studies (n = 118)

From: Determinants of patient choice of healthcare providers: a scoping review

First author, year, country Health care provider1 Respondents2 Primary method Choice situation3 Type of provider characteristics influencing choice4
Ahmad, 2002, Canada [110] Family physician O Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Albada, 2009, Netherlands [36] Hospital/ centre for ambulatory hospital care P DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Anell, 1997, Sweden [84] Primary care physician, hospital & hospital specialist O Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Arora, 2004, USA [68] GP O Experiment Hypothetical S
Bernard, 2006, USA [37] GP P Questionnaire Real S, P
Boonen, 2009 ch.3, Netherlands [53] Pharmacy P Patient registration data Real S
Boonen, 2009 ch.4, Netherlands [109] Pharmacy O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S
Boonen, 2009 ch.5, Netherlands [125] GP O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S
Boonen, 2009 ch.6, Netherlands [114] GP/ Pharmacy O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S
Bornstein, 2000, USA [75] GP P Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Bouche, 2008, France [123] Hospital P Patient registration data, questionnaire Real S
Bundorf, 2009, USA [103] Fertility clinic P Patient registration data Real O
Burge, 2004, UK [82] Hospital P DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S
Chalder, 2007, UK [138] A&E department P Patient registration data, questionnaire Real P
Chandler, 2000, USA [25] Obstetrician-Gynaecologist P Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Cheraghi-Sohi, 2008, UK [26] GP P DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Chernew, 1998, USA [27] Hospital P Patient registration data Real S, O
Combier, 2004, France [28] Maternity hospital P Interview Real S
Cooper, 1996, USA [69] Individual Physician P Interview, patient registration data Real S
Cutler, 2004, USA [29] Hospital P Patient registration data Real O
Damman, 2009, Netherlands [31] Hospital O Semi-structured cognitive interviews Hypothetical O
Damman, 2010, Netherlands [106] NA O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical NA
Damman, 2011, Netherlands [119] Hospital O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Dawson, 2004, UK [56] Hospital P Patient registration data Real P
Dawson, 2007 UK [57] Hospital P Patient registration data Real P
De Boer, 2011, Netherlands [129] General P Questionnaire Hypothetical P
De Groot, 2011, Netherlands [41] Hospital P DCE questionnaire Combination S, P
Dealy, 2005, UK [117] Hospital NA Literature review NA (review) S
Dijs-Elsinga, 2010, Netherlands [30] Hospital P Questionnaire Combination S, P
Dixon, 2010, UK, Netherlands [2] Hospital NA Analysis of secondary literature and primary data NA S, P, O
Exworthy, 2006, UK [59] General NA Literature review NA (review) S, P, O
Faber, 2009, Netherlands [60] General NA Literature review NA (review) *
Fasolo, 2010, UK [92] Hospital O Focus group, questionnaire Hypothetical S, P, O
Finlayson, 1999, USA [51] Hospital P DCE interview Hypothetical S, O
Foster, 2010, Australia [91] NA NA Literature review NA NA
Fotaki, 2008, UK [16] Hospital & GP NA Literature review NA (review) S, P
Fung, 2005, USA [18] Primary care physician P DCE questionnaire Hypothetical P, O
Fung, 2008, USA [105] General P Literature review Real O
Geraedts, 2007, Germany [74] Hospital P Interview Hypothetical S, P, O
Gooding, 1995, USA [107] Hospital O Questionnaire Hypothetical NA
Groenewoud, 2008 ch.2, Netherlands [99] General O Literature review, interviews, document analysis NA (review) S, P
Groenewoud, 2008 ch.3, Netherlands [54] General NA Literature review NA (review) S
Groenewoud, 2008 ch.4, Netherlands [98] General P Grounded theory approach Real S, P, O
Groenewoud, 2008 ch.5, Netherlands [32] General P Q-methodology, questionnaire Hypothetical S, P, O
Groenewoud, 2008 ch.6, Netherlands [113] General P DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S, P, O
Groenewoud, 2008 ch.7, Netherlands [61] General P, O Concept mapping Hypothetical S, P, O
Grytten, 2009, Norway [3] GP P Interview or questionnaire, patient registration data Real S
Guile, 2007, USA [52] Obstetrician-Gynaecologist P Interview Hypothetical S, P
Harris, 2003, USA [42] Individual physician P Questionnaire Combination NA
Haynes, 2003, UK [38] GP practice P Patient registration data Real S
Hibbard, 1997, USA [89] Health plan report cards NA Literature review NA (review) NA
Hibbard, 2003, USA [93] General NA Literature review NA (review) NA
Hibbard, 2010, USA [100] General O Questionnaire Hypothetical NA
Hirth, 2000, USA [139] Nursing home P Patient registration data Real NA
Hirth, 2003, USA [65] Nursing home P Patient registration data Real S, O
Hodgkin, 1996 USA [140] Hospital P Patient registration data Real S
Hoerger, 1995, USA [86] Prenatal care physician P Interview, patient registration data Real S
Howell, 2002, USA [77] Obstetrician P Interview, patient registration data Real S, P
Humphreys, 1997, Australia [127] GP O DCE questionnaire or interview, patient registration data Hypothetical S, P
Johnson, 2005, USA [43] Obstetrician-Gynaecologist P Questionnaire Combination S, P
Kerssens, 1997, Netherlands [55] Thirteen different health professions (individuals). O Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Ketelaar, 2011, Netherlands [141] Hospital NA Literature review NA (review) *
Kiiskinen, 2010, Finland [83] Dentist O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Kolstad, 2009, USA [62] General NA Literature review NA (review) S, P, O
Kooreman, 2010, Netherlands [88] NA NA Literature review Hypothetical NA
Laamanen, 2010, Finland [44] Individual doctor P, O Questionnaire Combination S
Lako, 2009, Netherlands [79] Hospital P Questionnaire Real S, P
Lambrew, 2005, USA [85] General O Interview Hypothetical NA
Lubalin, 1999, USA [63] General NA Literature review NA (review) NA
Lux, 2011, Germany [45] Hospital P Questionnaire Combination S, P, O
Magee, 2003, UK [64] General P, O Focus group Hypothetical S, P, O
Marang-van de Mheen, 2010, Netherlands [46] Hospital P Questionnaire Combination S, P
Marang-van de Mheen, 2010, Netherlands [33] Hospital P DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S, P, O
Mavis, 2005, USA [126] GP, ob-gyn & surgeon P Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
McGlone, 2002, USA [76] GP P Questionnaire Real S, P
Merle, 2009, France [67] Hospital P, O Questionnaire or interview Hypothetical S, O
Moodie, 2008, UK [142] Surgeon performing a cataract surgery. P Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Morrison, 2003, Australia [34] GP O Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Moser, 2010, Netherlands [90] Hospital P Cognitive interview, focus group Hypothetical NA
Mukamel, 1998, USA [104] Hospital & Surgeon P Patient registration data Real O
Mukamel, 2001, USA [102] NA (review) NA Literature review Real S
Newton, 2007, Australia [115] Medical facility/ GP O Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Nguyen, 2006, Finland [39] Dentist P Questionnaire, patient registration data Real S
Orr, 1998, UK [66] Excimer laser treatment centre P Questionnaire Real S, P
Peters, 2007, USA [96] Hospital O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical NA
Peters, 2009, USA [95] Hospital/ health plan O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical NA
Petry, 2004, USA [143] Health Care Practitioner (institution and individual) P Questionnaire Real S
Plunkett, 2002, USA [70] Obstetrician/ Gynaecologist P Interview Real S, P
Propper, 2007, UK [144] Hospital P Patient registration data Real S
Rademakers, 2011, Netherlands [80] General P Secondary analysis on questionnaire and interview data Real S, P
Redelmeier, 1995, USA [94] NA O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical NA
Reyna, 2009, USA [97] NA NA Literature review NA (review) NA
Ringard, 2011, Norway [130] Hospital P Patient registration data, questionnaire Real P
Robertson, 2008, UK [128] GP P Questionnaire Real S, P
Robertson, 2011, UK [47] Hospital P DCE questionnaire Combination S, O
Roh, 2005, USA [121] Hospital P   Real S
Roh, 2008, USA [120] Hospital P Patient registration data Real S
Rosenthal, 2009, USA [73] Individual physician. P Patient registration data Real S
Ryan, 2000, UK [35] Hospital O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Safran, 2001, USA [116] Individual physician. P Longitudinal: questionnaire, patient registration data Real S, P
Saha, 2000, USA [145] General P Interview Real S
Scanlon, 2008, USA [40] Hospital P Patient registration data, questionnaire Real S, O
Schauffler, 2001, USA [101] Hospital NA Literature review NA (review) O
Schnatz, 2007, USA [78] Obstetrician/ Gynaecologist P Interview Hypothetical S, P, O
Schneider, 1998, USA[48] Hospital P Interview Combination S
Schwartz, 1999, USA [134] NA O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical NA
Schwartz, 2005, USA [49] Hospital P Interview Combination S, O
Shah, 2010, UK [112] Hospital P Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Siciliani, 2007, UK [58] Hospital P Patient registration data Real P
Sinaiko, 2011, USA [108] Physician O DCE questionnaire Hypothetical O
Tai, 2004, USA [111] Hospital P Patient registration data, questionnaire Real S
Van Empel, 2011, Netherlands, Belgium [50] Fertility clinic P, O DCE questionnaire Combination S, P, O
Varadarajulu, 2002, USA [71] Endoscopist P Questionnaire Hypothetical S, P
Varkevisser, 2007, Netherlands [118] Hospital P Patient registration data Real S, P
Varkevisser, 2009, Netherlands [81] Hospital P Patient registration data Real S, O
Varkevisser, 2010, Netherlands [122] Hospital P Patient registration data Real S, P
Vonberg, 2008, Germany [124] Hospital O Interview Hypothetical S, P, O
Zuckerman, 2002, USA [72] Obstetrician/ Gynaecologist O Questionnaire Hypothetical S
  1. 1 NA = not applicable; 2 P = patients; O = other; NA = not applicable; 3 Real = patients in a real choice situation; Hypothetical = no real choice situation; Combination = both a real and a hypothetical choice situation; NA = not applicable; 4S = structure indicator(s); P = process indicator(s); O = outcome indicator(s); NA = not applicable; * = no provider characteristics found that influence choices.