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Table 3 Characteristics of stroke patients who did and did not have rehabilitation by stroke severity

From: Evaluating the effects of variation in clinical practice: a risk adjusted cost-effectiveness (RAC-E) analysis of acute stroke services

  Hospital A Hospital B Hospital C Hospital D P-value
B70A (STROKE + CCC)
Rehabilitation:
Age (mean (sd), years) 79.6 (10.0) 76.4 (9.4) 74.4 (10.7) 76.2 (13.7) NS
Proportion with rehab (%) 35 24 32 44 NS
Acute LoS (mean (sd), days) 18.3 (11.2) 23.9 (14.6) 18.3 (13.2) 8.1 (3.5) <0.001
Rehab LoS (mean (sd), days) 23.6 (12.7) 39.4 (27.3) 42.0 (38.2) 24.4 (10.2) <0.001
No rehabilitation:
Age (mean (sd), years) 83.7 (7.0) 79.7 (8.5) 79.2 (9.4) 79.3 (12.6) 0.017
Acute LoS (mean (sd), days) 20.8 (15.0) 21.2 (12.1) 22.9 (20.7) 9.7 (6.8) <0.001
B70B (STROKE + SCC)
Rehabilitation:
Age (mean (sd), years) 71.7 (10.5) 75.8 (11.5) 72.4 (11.3) 68.8 (12.2) NS
Proportion with rehab (%) 45 47 45 54 NS
Acute LoS (mean (sd), days) 12.5 (7.8) 11.8 (8.2) 12.8 (5.8) 7.9 (4.2) 0.003
Rehab LoS (mean (sd), days) 23.9 (17.6) 34.4 (21.5) 41.6 (27.8) 25.4 (9.5) <0.001
No rehabilitation:
Age (mean (sd), years) 76.3 (12.0) 73.8 (10.4) 72.4 (14.8) 75.9 (12.1) NS
Acute LoS (mean (sd), days) 13.4 (11.5) 13.3 (10.1) 10.1 (9.2) 8.3 (6.3) 0.028
B70C (STROKE -CSCC)
Rehabilitation:
Age (mean (sd), years) 72.1 (10.8) 71.0 (6.6) 70.3 (10.5) 66.6 (13.3) NS
Proportion with rehab (%) 22 20 23 41 NS
Acute LoS (mean (sd), days) 9.9 (5.1) 8.0 (5.7) 9.5 (6.5) 8.7 (7.7) NS
Rehab LoS (mean (sd), days) 23.9 (24.0) 38.4 (24.9) 22.7 (16.6) 25.2 (12.3) NS
No rehabilitation:
Age (mean (sd), years) 72.3 (11.5) 72.3 (12.2) 70.0 (13.7) 64.5 (17.7) NS
Acute LoS (mean (sd), days) 5.8 (8.0) 8.5 (15.8) 6.0 (5.8) 3.8 (2.6) <0.001
  1. +CCC – catastrophic complication or comorbidity; +SCC - severe complication or comorbidity; -CSCC - neither catastrophic nor severe complication or comorbidity.
  2. NS indicates not significant (p > 0.10); LoS, length of stay.