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Table 1 Stroke patient characteristics by hospital

From: Evaluating the effects of variation in clinical practice: a risk adjusted cost-effectiveness (RAC-E) analysis of acute stroke services

  Hospital A Hospital B Hospital C Hospital D P-value
Age (mean (SD), years) 75.9 (11.4) 76.2 (10.4) 73.3 (12.6) 72.0 (14.3) 0.003
Sex (% male) 51 46 54 51 NS
Stroke severity (%):      0.001
  B70A (Stroke + CCC) 29 46 31 30  
  B70B (Stroke + SCC) 38 34 35 43  
  B70C (Stroke -CSCC) 33 20 34 27  
Intermediate outcome (% patients):      0.063
  No event 64 57 54 53  
  Recurrent stroke 6 5 5 9  
  Major cardiac event 7 6 13 9  
  Death within 2 years 23 32 28 29  
Co-morbidities (% patients):      
  Other COPD 7 12 6 12 0.045
  Anaemia 8 15 10 12 NS
  Diabetes mellitus 24 31 19 22 0.036
  Acute LRTI & influenza 10 11 10 8 NS
  UTI 11 28 22 15 <0.001
  Other urinary symptoms 16 12 13 12 NS
  Minor vascular comorbidity 78 81 66 84 <0.001
Socioeconomic disadvantage* 17 51 21 73 <0.001
  1. * Percentage of patients in the lowest quintile of socioeconomic disadvantage.
  2. NS indicates not significant (p > 0.10); COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; LRTI, lower respiratory tract infection; UTI, urinary tract infection.