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Table 6 Logistic regression analyses of caesarean delivery – pre/original NCMS, post/current NCMS in two counties

From: Impact of alternative reimbursement strategies in the new cooperative medical scheme on caesarean delivery rates: a mixed-method study in rural China

Characteristic County FC County XC
  Original NCMS (2006) OR/95%CI (n = 1220) Current NCMS (2009) OR/95%CI (n = 1098) Pre-NCMS (2006) OR/95%CI (n = 896) Post-NCMS (2009) OR/95%CI (n = 619)
Maternal characteristics     
Maternal age (24-31y as control)     
≤ 23y 0.768(0.551-1.072) 0.729(0.516-1.030) 0.809(0.558-1.171) 0.730(0.418-1.275)
≥ 32y 1.499(0.983-2.285) 1.090(0.686-1.732) 1.512(1.043-2.192)* 1.263(0.643-2.480)
Maternal education years# 1.000(0.948-1.056) 1.072(1.005-1.143)* 1.032(0.980-1.085) 1.110(1.013-1.218)*
Husband education years# 1.043(0.975-1.114) 1.009(0.937-1.086) 1.031(0.963-1.104) 0.987(0.886-1.099)
Previous adverse pregnant outcome@ 1.324(0.757-2.315) 1.753(1.272-2.414)** 1.618(0.967-2.708) 1.317(0.806-2.151)
Systematic antenatal care@ 0.797(0.599-1.059) 1.269(0.938-1.717) 1.345(0.989-1.828) 0.727(0.456-1.159)
Numbers of ultrasound examination# 1.309(1.179-1.452)** 1.164(1.043-1.298)** 1.146(1.036-1.267)** 1.183(1.019-1.374)*
County hospitals 2.378(1.828-3.094)** 1.535(1.154-2.043)** 1.079(0.807-1.441) 0.460(0.283-0.749)**
Fetal characteristics @     
First baby 1.581(1.071-2.334)* 1.055(0.696-1.600) 1.203(0.840-1.722) 1.338(0.690-2.595)
Big baby 1.146(0.763-1.722) 1.304(0.846-2.009) 0.817(0.488-1.367) 0.650(0.285-1.480)
Male baby 1.012(0.782-1.310) 1.046(0.787-1.391) 1.297(0.984-1.709) 0.892(0.581-1.368)
Preterm baby 0.653 (0.381-1.120) 0.920(0.571-1.482) 0.826(0.461-1.479) 1.010(0.459-2.226)
Economic characteristics     
Household annual income per capita (=3000yuan ascontrol)     
3001-7499yuan. 0.960(0.715-1.290) 0.985(0.652-1.490) 1.154(0.842-1.581) 0.868(0.456-1.653)
≥7500yuan 1.303(0.892-1.903) 0.979(0.630-1.521) 1.112(0.736-1.681) 0.690(0.355-1.344)
NCMS participation     
Proportional reimbursement 1.189(0.871-1.624) - - -
Fixed reimbursement - 0.931(0.613-1.415) - 1.007(0.560-1.812)
  1. * P<0.05, ** P<0.01; # continuous variables; @ dichotomous variables.