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Table 3 Maternal health care and economic characteristics from 2006 and 2009 survey

From: Impact of alternative reimbursement strategies in the new cooperative medical scheme on caesarean delivery rates: a mixed-method study in rural China

Characteristic County FC County XC
  Original NCMS (2006) n = 1227 Current NCMS (2009) n = 1099 Pre-NCMS (2006) n = 896 Post-NCMS (2009) n = 619
Maternal characteristics     
Maternal age (mean ± SD) 27.20 ± 4.60 26.95 ± 4.57 28.29 ± 5.26 28.12 ± 5.48
Maternal education years (mean ± SD) 6.58 ± 2.97 7.58 ± 2.70** 6.13 ± 3.22 7.25 ± 2.92**
Husband education years (mean ± SD) 7.80 ± 2.26 8.45 ± 2.25** 7.53 ± 2.29 8.21 ± 2.46**
Previous adverse pregnant outcome (n/percent) 65/5.3 284/31.7** 98/8.9 184/29.7**
Systematic antenatal care (n/percent) 400/32.6 400/44.6** 430/39.1 342/55.3**
Numbers of ultrasonic examination (mean ± SD) 2.09 ± 1.39 2.94 ± 1.48** 3.05 ± 1.56 3.81 ± 1.75**
Fetal characteristics     
First baby (n/percent) 901/73.6 634/70.8 688/62.7 396/64.0
Big baby (n/percent) 139/11.3 118/13.2 83/7.6 35/5.7
Male baby (n/percent) 630/51.3 501/55.9* 604/55.0 312/50.4
Preterm baby (n/percent) 80/6.5 88/9.8** 60/5.5 46/7.4
Economic characteristics     
Household annual income per capita (mean ± SD) 5035.3 ± 3940.2 7631.1 ± 7900.3** 5134.6 ± 3514.3 7340.1 ± 5521.8
Participation in NCMS (n/percent) 938/76.4 765/85.4** - 507/81.9
Average costs for hospital delivery (yuan) (mean ± SD)     
Vaginal delivery 1050.3 ± 709.6 1424.5 ± 902.8** 1346.1 ± 665.2 1526.0 ± 721.6
Caesarean delivery 2796.2 ± 1494.5 3544.9 ± 2465.8** 2433.6 ± 1220.0 2510.6 ± 1404.9
Total costs for hospital delivery (yuan) (mean ± SD)#     
Vaginal delivery 1030.8 ± 731.9 1463.8 ± 812.1** - 1574.0 ± 868.4
Caesarean delivery 2755.4 ± 1564.8 3541.0 ± 2623.7** - 2488.8 ± 1433.5
NCMS reimbursement (yuan) (mean ± SD)#     
Vaginal delivery 133.4 ± 159.4 286.8 ± 311.5** - 251.1 ± 155.0
Caesarean delivery 575.0 ± 322.5 581.8 ± 394.3** - 266.7 ± 177.1
Household out-of-pocket payment (yuan) (mean ± SD)#     
Vaginal delivery 896.6 ± 671.6 1177.0 ± 975.4** - 1322.9 ± 884.8
Caesarean delivery 2180.3 ± 1600.1 2959.2 ± 2505.4** - 2222.0 ± 1439.5
  1. * P<0.05, ** P<0.01;
  2. # only for those who participated in NCMS.