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Table 1 Characteristics of study population

From: Awareness and management of chronic disease, insurance status, and health professional shortage areas in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS): a cross-sectional study

Sociodemographic and health related behaviors Insured* Uninsured P-value
HPSA Non-HPSA HPSA Non-HPSA
n = 2060 n = 14247 n = 201 n = 950
Age (%) < 65 49.8 46.7 92.5 91.6 <0.0001
  ≥ 65 50.2 53.3 7.5 8.4
Gender (%) Female 53.2 54.2 62.7 62.5 <0.0001
  Male 46.8 45.9 37.3 37.5
Race (%) Black 35.0 36.6 50.8 59.7 <0.0001
  White 65.0 63.4 49.3 40.3
Urban Group (%) Urban 37.3 69.9 39.3 69.0 <0.0001
  Mixed 21.1 11.0 19.4 10.0  
  Rural 41.6 19.1 41.3 21.0  
Education (%) < High school 17.4 12.4 22.4 20.1 <0.0001
  High school grad 28.8 25.7 41.8 33.9
  Some college 22.9 27.3 25.4 28.4
  College grad and above 30.9 34.6 10.5 17.6
Income (%) <$25,000 31.4 26.5 59.7 53.2 <0.0001
  $25,000 to $50,000 32.0 31.1 21.4 24.0
  >$50,000 24.6 30.3 3.5 9.6
  Refused 12.0 12.2 15.4 13.3
Medication Adherence (%) Non-Adherent 31.8 34.5 39.3 41.5 <0.0001
  Adherent 68.2 65.5 60.7 58.5  
Tobacco Use (%) Current 15.5 13.5 27.6 29.6 <0.0001
  Never 46.1 45.2 45.7 38.9
  Past 38.4 41.3 26.6 31.5
Current Alcohol (%) No 56.0 50.53 59.7 56.7 <0.0001
  Yes 44.0 49.5 40.3 43.3
Body Mass Index (%) ≤25 kg/m2 21.5 23.1 23.2 18.7 <0.0001
  25 to 29.9 kg/m2 36.2 37.5 30.3 32.0
  ≥30 kg/m2 42.3 39.5 46.5 49.4
Frequency of Exercise (%) 1 to 3 times per week 33.8 35.6 27.0 37.9 0.0198
  4 or more per week 30.8 29.4 38.8 28.6
  None 35.4 35.0 34.2 33.4
  1. Note: * = Insurance status assessed as whether or not participant has any form of health insurance; ♦ = HPSA: Health Professional Shortage Area; ∞ = Medication adherence: assessed using the validated 4-item Morisky scale.p-value refers to Chi-square comparisons across both insurance and HPSA strata.