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Table 5 Association of subjects’ characteristics, Job Content Questionnaire, and Health-promoting life-style profiles with symptoms of work-related stress through binary logistic regression analysis a

From: Factors and symptoms associated with work stress and health-promoting lifestyles among hospital staff: a pilot study in Taiwan

Variables Nervousness Nightmares Irritability Headaches Insomnia Gastrointestinal upset
  OR (95% CI.) OR (95% CI.) OR (95% CI.) OR (95% CI.) OR (95% CI.) OR (95% CI.)
Gender       
 Male 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Female 2.56 (1.69 – 2.56)* 1.69 (1.05 – 1.69)* 1.92 (1.25 – 1.92)* 1.82 (1.16 – 2.86)* 1.82 (1.12 – 2.86)* 1.33 (0.87 – 2.04)
Job       
 Physician 1 1 1 1 1 1
 Nurse 2.79 (1.38 - 5.64)* 3.95 (1.60 - 9.73)* 2.45 (1.19 - 5.07)* 4.64 (1.98 - 10.89)* 5.51 (2.09 - 14.51)* 1.50 (0.75 - 3.02)
 Medical technician staff 1.34 (0.63 - 2.86) 1.76 (0.67 - 4.65) 1.13 (0.51 - 2.50) 1.80 (0.72 - 4.50) 2.29 (0.82 - 6.41) 0.68 (0.31 - 1.46)
 Administrative staff 1.08 (0.53 - 2.18) 1.38 (0.54 - 3.49) 0.85 (0.40 - 1.79) 1.61 (0.67 - 3.84) 1.67 (0.62 - 4.51) 0.50 (0.24 - 1.04)
Work experience, years 0.96 (0.94 - 0.99)* 0.98 (0.95 - 1.00)* 0.97 (0.95 - 0.99) 0.97 (0.95 - 1.00)* 0.97 (0.95 - 1.00)* 0.99 (0.96 - 1.01)
Daily work time, hours 1.09 (0.99 - 1.19)* 1.09 (0.99 - 1.19)* 1.06 (0.97 - 1.15) 1.12 (1.02 - 1.23)* 1.07 (0.98 - 1.17) 1.15 (1.05 - 1.27)*
Job Content Questionnaire
 Psychological demands of job 1.50 (1.37 - 1.63)* 1.39 (1.28 - 1.51)* 1.52 (1.40 - 1.66) 1.49 (1.37 - 1.62)* 1.37 (1.27 - 1.48)* 1.55 (1.42 - 1.69)*
 Discretion in using skills 1.10 (1.04 - 1.17)* 1.13 (1.06 - 1.21)* 1.04 (0.98 - 1.11) 1.10 (1.03 - 1.17)* 1.07 (1.00 - 1.14)* 1.13 (1.06 - 1.21)*
 Decision-making authority 0.86 (0.77 - 0.97)* 0.79 (0.71 - 0.89)* 0.76 (0.68 - 0.85) 0.81 (0.72 - 0.90)* 0.83 (0.74 - 0.93)* 0.86 (0.78 - 0.96)*
 Coworker social support 0.99 (0.91 - 1.09)* 1.01 (0.92 - 1.11) 0.89 (0.81 - 0.97) 0.89 (0.81 - 0.97)* 0.95 (0.87 - 1.04)* 0.93 (0.85 - 1.02)
 Supervisor social support 0.98 (0.92 - 1.06) 0.96 (0.89 - 1.03) 0.83 (0.77 - 0.89) 0.91 (0.85 - 0.98)* 0.92 (0.86 - 0.99)* 0.86 (0.80 - 0.92)*
Health-promoting life-style profiles
 Self-actualization 0.83 (0.78 - 0.88)* 0.83 (0.78 - 0.88)* 0.78 (0.73 - 0.83) 0.81 (0.76 - 0.86)* 0.79 (0.74 - 0.84)* 0.85 (0.80 - 0.90)*
 Health responsibility 0.94 (0.89 - 0.99)* 0.94 (0.88 - 0.99)* 0.91 (0.86 - 0.96) 0.92 (0.87 - 0.97)* 0.94 (0.89 - 0.99)* 0.98 (0.93 - 1.03)
 Exercise 0.89 (0.83 - 0.96)* 0.91 (0.85 - 0.97)* 0.90 (0.84 - 0.96) 0.92 (0.86 - 0.98)* 0.94 (0.88 - 1.01)* 0.93 (0.87 - 0.99)*
 Nutrition 0.88 (0.84 - 0.92)* 0.89 (0.85 - 0.93)* 0.86 (0.82 - 0.89) 0.86 (0.82 - 0.90)* 0.85 (0.81 - 0.89)* 0.89 (0.85 - 0.93)*
 Interpersonal support 0.92 (0.86 - 0.99)* 0.86 (0.80 - 0.93)* 0.88 (0.82 - 0.95) 0.88 (0.82 - 0.95)* 0.92 (0.85 - 0.98)* 0.98 (0.91 - 1.04)
 Stress management 0.85 (0.79 - 0.92)* 0.82 (0.76 - 0.89)* 0.77 (0.71 - 0.83) 0.77 (0.71 - 0.83)* 0.77 (0.71 - 0.83)* 0.82 (0.77 - 0.89)*
Total score of health-promoting life-style 0.96 (0.95 - 0.98)* 0.96 (0.95 - 0.97)* 0.95 (0.94 - 0.96) 0.95 (0.94 - 0.97)* 0.95 (0.94 - 0.97)* 0.97 (0.96 - 0.98)*
  1. a Results are represented as estimated odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI.) on binary logistic regression analysis.
  2. * P < 0.05 for estimated OR.
  3. These two items indicate needs for social support. In other words, a higher score stands for not enough social support from either coworkers or supervisors.