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Table 4 Predictors of healthcare pluralism among ART patients

From: Factors associated with patterns of plural healthcare utilization among patients taking antiretroviral therapy in rural and urban South Africa: a cross-sectional study

Variables Simple logistic regression Multiple logistic regression
  Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval P-value Odds ratio 95% Confidence interval P-value
Age (Younger <30 years) 0.91 0.68–1.22 0.526 - - -
Marital status (Divorced) 0.47 0.29–0.76 0.001 0.64 0.38–1.07 0.091
Education (None) 0.86 0.58–1.28 0.468 - - -
Employment (None) 1.22 0.91–1.62 0.179 - - -
Residence (Rural) 2.17 1.71–2.75 <0.001 1.97 1.12–3.44 0.018
Medical aid (Yes) 4.30 1.74–10.63 0.002 6.15 2.31–16.33 <0.001
Disability Grant (Yes) 1.54 1.22–1.95 <0.001 1.35 1.02–1.78 0.037
Socioeconomic status (Poor) 1.50 1.17–1.90 0.001 - - -
Borrowing (yes) 3.84 2.86–5.14 <0.001 2.68 1.87–3.84 <0.001
Difficulty incurring costs (yes) 1.49 1.11–2.01 0.008 - - -
Sell Property for health care (Yes) 5.08 2.40–10.72 <0.001 2.26 0.99–5.20 0.054
Closest ART facility (Yes) 1.49 1.05–2.10 0.025 - - -
Collection of ART (Monthly) 2.13 1.53–2.96 <0.001 - - -
Treatment supporter (Yes) 2.05 1.57–2.67 <0.001 1.44 1.06–1.97 0.021
Home visit by health worker (Yes) 1.31 1.02–1.68 0.032 1.38 0.99–1.94 0.061
Provider preference (Nurse) 1.42 1.11–1.83 0.006 - - -
Ever left without help (Yes) 1.95 1.14–3.32 0.014 - - -
Queue (Too long) 0.80 0.63–1.02 0.073 - - -
Privacy in consultation (No) 1.54 1.19–1.98 0.001 1.50 1.08–2.08 0.015
Language barrier (Yes) 0.35 0.23–0.53 <0.001 0.57 0.35–0.91 0.019
Staff disrespect (Agree) 2.46 1.94–3.13 <0.001 2.07 1.54–2.79 <0.001
Dirty facilities (Agree) 1.09 0.81–1.47 0.558 - - -
ART missed doses (Ever) 1.51 1.06–2.17 0.024 - - -
ART knowledge (Low) 1.21 0.94–1.54 0.133 - - -
Missed clinic visit (Yes) 1.00 0.60–1.68 0.999 - - -
  1. Log Likelihood −656, Pseudo R2 15%, Goodness-of-fit p-value 0.25.