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Table 2 Definitions and further explanations of the medical services and pharmaceutical outcomes

From: Does Government subsidy for costs of medical and pharmaceutical services result in higher service utilization by older widowed women in Australia?

Outcome variable Interpretation of variable and scores
Medical Services
Total costs of medical services Total cost of medical services for 2005 calendar year (includes Medical Benefit Scheme (MBS) gap payment) ($AU)
Number of MBS claims Total number of claims to MBS for medical services for 2005 calendar year (additional bulk billing payments for general medical services were excluded from claims data to prevent double counting)
MBS gap payment by the women Total amount paid by women for medical services for 2005 calendar year (AU$). Due to skewness this variable is dichotomised into whether a gap was paid (yes, no).
Number of General Practitioner (GP) visits Total number of un-referred visits to GPs for 2005 calendar year
Pharmaceuticals
Total costs of pharmaceuticals (PBS/RPBS) Total cost of pharmaceuticals for 2005 calendar year (includes women’s contribution) ($AU)
Number of PBS(RPBS) claims Total number of scripts dispensed (including each repeat dispensed on one script) in 2005 calendar year
Number of PBS(RPBS) scripts presented Total number of scripts presented (irrespective of how many repeats per script) in 2005 calendar year
Women’s contribution to cost of pharmaceuticals Total amount paid by women in 2005 calendar year ($AU).