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Table 3 Baseline data available from patients who were allocated to the study (intervention = 1034, control = 501)

From: Health coaching by telephony to support self-care in chronic diseases: clinical outcomes from The TERVA randomized controlled trial

  Type 2 Diabetes Coronary artery disease Congestive heart failure
  Intervention Control Intervention Control Intervention Control
Number of patients 770 359 172 97 92 45
Age (years) 64.6 (9.4) 65.6 (9.5) 65.4 (9.4) 66.0 (8.6) 67.3 (7.9) 62.4 (7.7)
Sex (% male) 58.3 54.0 69.2 73.2 65.2 64.4
Age at self reported year of diagnosis 54.3 (11.1) 56.1 (11.8) 60.8 (10.2) 61.3 (10.1) 63.9 (7.9) 56.8 (9.3)
311 145 121 69 51 25
Self-reported duration of disease 10.3 (8.4) 9.2 (8.2) 4.7 (6.6) 4.8 (7.6) 4.4 (5.4) 4.2 (3.7)
302 142 120 68 51 25
Body mass index 32.3 (6.2) 31.9 (5.7) 28.3 (4.1) 28.8 (5.1) 30.2 (6.6) 29.9 (6.9)
727 338 164 91 81 42
Waist circumference (M/F) 109.9 (14.4)/ 106.8 (15.5) 110.1 (12.8)/ 104.8 (15.1) 100.3 (11.0)/ 95.1 (12.8) 102.9 (11.7)/ 91.5 (12.6) 106.7 (12.8)/ 94.1 (14.6) 108.0 (17.9)/ 89.6 (17.3)
429/298 182/156 116/47 66/25 55/25 25/16
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 143.4 (20.0) 143.1 (20.2) 137.6 (20.5) 139.9 (18.2) 132.9 (23.7) 127.6 (22.7)
727 337 163 91 81 42
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 84.2 (11.1) 84.1 (10.8) 81.0 (12.2) 82.1 (10.5) 81.3 (14.1) 80.2 (11.5)
727 338 163 91 81 42
Serum total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.4 (1.1) 4.4 (0.9) 3.8 (0.9) 3.8 (1.0) 4.0 (1.2) 4.0 (1.4)
225 121 66 46 23 12
Serum HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.2 (0.4) 1.3 (0.4) 1.4 (0.4) 1.3 (0.4) 1.1 (0.4) 1.3 (0.5)
219 119 65 45 23 11
Serum LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.3 (0.8) 2.4 (0.8) 1.9 (0.6) 1.9 (0.7) 2.1 (0.9) 2.2 (0.9)
210 115 65 45 21 11
Lipid lowering medication (%) 24.7 20.3 60.5 55.7 38.0 22.2
190 73 104 54 35 10
Daily smokers (%) 12.7 11.0 11.9 10.1 12.7 12.2
88/691 36/327 19/160 9/89 10/79 5/41
Hb1Ac (%) 7.5 (1.1) 7.7 (1.7)     
415 224     
Oral antidiabetic drug and insulin (%) 12.3 13.1     
95 47     
Oral antidiabetic drug (%) 34.0 29.8     
262 107     
Insulin (%) 16.8 16.7     
  129 60     
SCORE1 8.0 (6.3) 7.6 (7.9)     
215 115     
NYHA2      2.4 (1.4) 2.5 (1.4)
      52 30
  1. 1 Score index includes: Sex, Age, Total Chol, HDL and BP, smoking status.
  2. 2 New York Heart Association index on angina pectoris.