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Table 2 Proportion, absence and appearance rates of SBAR, SOAP and MAN elements in patients' handovers

From: Handover patterns: an observational study of critical care physicians

   Proportion, % (± SD) Absence, n (%) Appearances per Patient, n (± SD)
   Coder 1 Coder 2 Average Coder 1 Coder 2 Average Coder 1 Coder 2 Average
  S 5.2 (5.6) 26.3 (14.4) 15.8 (8.4) 8 (20.0) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 2.1 (1.8) 4.5 (2.8) 3.3 (2.1)
SBAR B 67.6 (11.2) 45.3 (15.1) 56.4 (11.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4.9 (2.6) 3.5 (2.2) 4.2 (2.2)
  A 18.8 (8.9) 20.3 (10.1) 19.5 (9.0) 1 (2.5) 2 (5.0) 1 (2.5) 4.3 (2.6) 4.5 (2.6) 4.4 (2.2)
  R 2.6 (3.9) 2.3 (3.8) 2.4 (3.7) 23 (57.5) 25 (62.5) 22 (55.0) 0.5 (0.7) 0.4 (0.6) 0.5 (0.6)
  S 26.2 (11.1) 54.4 (17.3) 40.5 (11.4) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 2.9 (1.6) 7.4 (4.1) 5.1 (2.5)
SOAP O 18.2 (9.7) 13.6 (9.3) 15.9 (7.2) 2 (5.0) 1 (2.5) 0 (0.0) 4.1 (2.7) 4.7 (3.1) 4.4 (2.7)
  A 31.8 (14.1) 20.6 (9.2) 26.0 (8.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (2.5) 0 (0.0) 5.0 (3.3) 5.3 (3.5) 5.2 (3.0)
  P 17.7 (11.3) 5.6 (6.5) 11.6 (8.0) 3 (7.5) 17 (42.5) 3 (7.5) 2.8 (2.0) 1.2 (1.5) 2.0 (1.4)
  ID 1.8 (0.9) 2.1 (0.7) 2.0 (0.7) 8 (20.0) 6 (15.0) 6 (15.0) 0.9 (0.5) 1.2 (0.7) 1.0 (0.6)
  CC 0.6 (0.5) 0.3 (0.4) 0.5 (0.4) 33 (82.5) 36(90.0) 35 (87.5) 0.2 (0.4) 0.1 (0.3) 0.1 (0.3)
  HPI 24.6 (6.9) 33.5 (4.0) 29.1 (4.3) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 3.4 (2.1) 9.2 (4.8) 6.3 (4.7)
  PMH 5.7 (3.7) 2.0 (1.7) 3.8 (2.4) 14 (35.0) 25 (62.5) 20 (50.0) 1.3 (1.4) 0.8 (1.2) 1.0 (1.4)
MAN MHA 2.2 (1.6) 0.5 (0.7) 1.3 (1.0) 20 (50.0) 33 (82.5) 27 (67.5) 0.9 (1.3) 0.3 (0.8) 0.6 (1.1)
  Social 2.0 (2.0) 3.1 (3.5) 2.5 (2.5) 28 (70.0) 21 (52.5) 25 (62.5) 0.5 (0.8) 0.9 (1.2) 0.7 (1.1)
  DOC 3.7 (4.5) 0.8 (0.8) 2.2 (2.5) 29 (72.5) 33 (82.5) 31 (77.5) 0.5 (1.0) 0.3 (0.6) 0.4 (0.8)
  PE 3.5 (1.7) 4.5 (2.8) 4.0 (1.9) 16 (40.0) 11 (27.5) 14 (35.0) 1.0 (1.1) 1.9 (2.1) 1.5 (1.7)
  Tests 12.6 (6.6) 10.5 (4.9) 11.6 (5.5) 8 (20.0) 6 (15.0) 7 (17.5) 2.9 (2.6) 3.3 (2.8) 3.1 (2.7)
  A+P 43.2 (9.4) 42.7 (6.7) 42.9 (7.3) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 7.4 (4.1) 11.4 (6.5) 9.4 (5.8)
Questions 5.7 (3.9) 5.9 (3.9) 5.8 (3.9) 2 (5.0) 2 (5.0) 2 (5.0) 3.9 (3.6) 3.9 (3.3) 3.9 (3.3)
  1. SBAR, Situation, Background, Assessment, Plan; SOAP, Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan; MAN, medical admission note; SD, standard deviation; ID, identification; CC, chief complaint; HPI, history of present illness; PMH, past medical history; MHA, medications, habits and allergies; DOC, directives of care; PE, physical examination; A+P, assessment and plan.