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Table 3 Relative risk of violence at work in the different categories of health workers from 2005 to 2009

From: Violence towards health care workers in a Public Health Care Facility in Italy: a repeated cross-sectional study

  Physical aggression (N = 107) Threat1(N = 101) Verbal violence(N = 229) Harassment2(N = 25)
Male 1.00(0.74-1.70) 1.66 (1.08-2.54)* 1.02 (0.75-1.39) 0.99 (0.41-2.45)
Female 1 1 1 1
Physician 2.20 (1.16-4.16)* 4.32 (1.94-9.64)*** 1.27 (0.84-1.94) 2.80 (0.90-8.75)
Nurse 2.36 (1.42-3. 92)** 4.03 (2.04-7.98)*** 0.92 (0.67-1.28) 0.99 (0.37-2.72)
Other workers 1 1 1 1
Psychiatry 22.69 (9.75-52.82)*** 27.79 (11.45-67.49)*** 3.50 (2.10-5.84)*** 2.61 (0.67-10.21)
A&E 5.12 (2.12-12.39)*** 7.65 (3.21-18.23)*** 1.99 (1.23-3.22)*** 1.60 (0.42-6.17)
Medical & surgical wards 3.44 (1.49-7.93)** 2.54 (1.06-6.06)* 1.37 (0.90-2.08) 1.70 (0.56-5.10)
Outpatient 1.81 (0.66-4.93) 2.89 (1.11-7.55)* 1.25 (0.76-2.04) 0.85 (0.16-4.54)
Services 1 1 1 1
  1. Legenda: (1) data not collected in 2007; (2) data not collected in 2005 and 2007.
  2. (*):p < .05; (**)p < .01; (***) p < .001.
  3. Univariate logistic regression models, odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence interval (CI95%).