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Figure 3 | BMC Health Services Research

Figure 3

From: Assessing barriers to health insurance and threats to equity in comparative perspective: The Health Insurance Access Database

Figure 3

Countries selected for analysis, by Welfare Regime and Health Systems typology by proportion of the Total expenditures on health due to private insurance funding (Panel A) and to out-of pocket payments (Panel B), and with the type of PHI in parentheses.a. Except for Denmark and the Netherlands, for which the most recent data available were in 2005. Data extracted from OECD.Stat. Notes: Welfare regimes are based on Esping Andersen’s typology [85]. Health systems classification is based on Roemer’s typology [3, 4]. Type of PHI is based on the Colombo and Tapay OECD typology [2], and includes Primary (P), Primary substitute (Ps), Supplementary (S), Complementary (C), and Duplicative (D). Please note that some configurations of Welfare State and Health Systems typologies result in empty cells, such as for instance Social Democratic and Entrepreneurial. Finally, the Netherlands is a mixed system in many ways, and it may also be argued that it belongs in other categories, but we are relying on Esping Andersen’s and Roemer’s categorization of this country.

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