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Table 2 Final models from multivariate analysis of variables associated with household satisfaction with government health services in 2004, in the four provinces

From: Devolution and public perceptions and experience of health services in Pakistan: linked cross sectional surveys in 2002 and 2004

  ORa 99% CIca
Explanatory variable/Province   
Sindh   
Male respondent 0.71 0.56 – 0.91
Respondent with any formal education 1.39 1.03 – 1.89
Balochistan   
Male respondent 0.58 0.36 – 0.69
Respondent with any formal education 1.26 1.01 – 1.62
Household head with any formal education 1.67 1.17 – 1.66
Vulnerable household1 0.59 0.55 – 0.88
Know how to complain about the service 1.26 1.06 – 1.78
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa   
Male respondent 0.64 0.43 – 0.78
Respondent with any formal education 1.15 1.09 – 1.65
Vulnerable household1 0.73 0.65 – 0.94
Punjab   
Male respondent 0.85 0.74 – 0.98
Know how to complain about the service 1.21 1.05 – 1.43
Government health facility within 5 Km 2.18 1.27 – 3.66
  1. OR= adjusted Odds Ratio;
  2. CIca= cluster adjusted confidence interval around the ORa
  3. 1 Vulnerable households had at least two of three vulnerability factors: poor roof construction, overcrowding, and poor occupation of the main breadwinner.
  4. The variables included in all initial models were: urban/rural location of household, sex of the respondent, education of the respondent, education of the household head, and vulnerability status of the household, knowledge of how to complain about health services, whether there was a government health facility within 5 Km.