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Table 1 Perception that municipal governments take community opinion into account: associations with perceptions that services were not corrupt and with confidence in the anti-corruption struggle (all respondents 2003, 2006, 2009)

From: Auditing Nicaragua’s anti-corruption struggle, 1998 to 2009

  2003 2006 2009
  ORa 95%CI ORa 95%CI ORa 95%CI
Perception of no corruption in public services* 2.4 1.9-3.1 2.6 2.2-3.1 1.8 1.5-2.2
Confidence in the anti-corruption struggle 1.7 1.5-2.0 1.6 1.2-2.1 1.8** 1.6-2.0
  1. * Respondents who did not perceive corruption in any of the services under investigation by this social audit.
  2. ** The association was stronger (OR 2.7) among those who felt informed about how municipal funds were being used.