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Table 1 The social audits reviewed

From: Use of social audits to examine unofficial payments in government health services: experience in South Asia, Africa, and Europe

Country Survey(s) Sample
Uganda National integrity survey 1998 18,412 households in all 45 districts
1,595 public service workers
348 male and female focus groups
South Africa
Gauteng province
Survey of health services performance 2003 5,490 households
120 focus group discussions
Reviews of health facilities and interviews with health workers
Baltic states (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) Survey of corruption in health and licensing services 2002 Total 10,320 households in the three countries
90 focus group discussions
Reviews of 104 health facilities
Bangladesh Three surveys: 1999, 2000, 2003 In each survey, some 25,000 households, 200 health facilities, 200 key informants and 500 focus groups. In 2000 and 2003, 2,000 health workers
Pakistan Two surveys: 2002 and 2004 Households: 57,321 in 2002, 53,960 in 2004
In each survey 800 focus groups
In 2004, 1,000 local government key informants