Skip to main content

Table 3 Healthcare acts and costs per delivery, overall and stratified by process and delivery type

From: Descriptive analysis of childbirth healthcare costs in an area with high levels of immigration in Spain

  Vaginal non-instrumented (N = 575) Vaginal instrumented (N = 171) Cesarean section (N = 280) p of acts p of cost
Process Acts % Costs (SD) % Acts % Costs (SD) % Acts % Costs (SD) %   
Pregnancy               
   Primary care visits 5.55 (4.3) 32,8 132.39 (97.9) 3,6 6.02 (4.4) 31,5 143.46 (100.0) 3,5 6.14 (4.5) 29,8 145.92 (101.3) 2,5 0,089 0,091
   Emergencies 1.79 (2.3) 10,6 155.49 (197.1) 4,2 2.08 (2.4) 10,9 187.70 (217.7) 4,6 1.94 (2.1) 9,4 169.38 (194.4) 2,9 0,100 0,044
   Hospital contacts 2.08 (2.7) 12,3 247.24 (470.1) 6,7 2.42 (3.1) 12,7 333.13 (638.9) 8,2 3.06 (4.3) 14,9 300.53 (425.3) 5,2 0,017 0,012
   Tests 3.24 (2.5) 19,1 187.99 (226.5) 5,1 3.58 (2.6) 18,8 206.50 (228.0) 5,1 4.31 (2.8) 21,0 265.28 (271.7) 4,6 <0.001 <0.001
Delivery               
   Maternal admission 1 5,9 2,104.56 (311.7) 57,2 1 5,2 2,360.64 (385.8) 58,1 1 4,9 3,226.70 (1,148.7) 55,5   <0.001
   Neonatal admission 1.02 (0.1) 6,0 683.36 (1,370.5) 18,6 1.01 (0.1) 5,3 637.21 (433.2) 15,7 1.05 (0.2) 5,1 1,356.89 (2,190.1) 23,3 0,072 <0.001
Three-month postnatal care               
   Primary care visits 1.34 (1.5) 7,9 28.72 (31.1) 0,8 1.60 (1.5) 8,4 34.29 (31.0) 0,8 1.54 (1.4) 7,5 32.54 (30.5) 0,6 0,014 0,018
   Hospital contacts               
Newborn 0.76 (1.3) 4,5 127.37 (461.0) 3,5 0.87 (1.2) 4,6 104.11 (328.4) 2,6 0.86 (1.3) 4,2 185.47 (716.2) 3,2 0,026 0,012
Mother 0.13 (0.4) 0,8 14.54 (101.7) 0,4 0.49 (1.3) 2,6 55.44 (219.2) 1,4 0.62 (1.4) 3,0 128.18 (1,057.4) 2,2 <0.001 <0.001
   Tests 0.01 (0.1) 0,1 0.31 (3.7) 0,0 0.02 (0.3) 0,1 1.89 (24.7) 0,0 0.05 (0.8) 0,2 4.08 (65.4) 0,1 0,986 0,986
Total per delivery 16.93 (7.6) 100 3,681.98 (1,747.9) 100 19.09 (8.0) 100 4064.38 (1,222.1) 100 20.57 (8.7) 100 5,814.98 (3,231.9) 100 <0.001 <0.001
Total for all deliveries 9.733   2.117.138,99   3.264   695.009,72   5.759   1.628.195,40    
  1. Acts and costs are expressed as means (standard deviation). Percentages are calculated over the total amount of activity or costs. P-values for Kruskal-Wallis tests.