Skip to main content

Table 2 Healthcare acts and costs per delivery, overall and stratified by process, for the whole sample and by maternal origin

From: Descriptive analysis of childbirth healthcare costs in an area with high levels of immigration in Spain

  Overall (N = 1,026)   Spanish-born mothers (N = 462)   Foreign-born mothers (N = 564)   p of acts p of cost
Process Acts % Costs (SD) % Acts % Costs (SD) % Acts % Costs (SD) %   
Pregnancy               
   Primary care visits 5.79 (4.4) 31,7 137.92 (99.3) 3,2 5.80 (4.7) 30,6 136.87 (106.9) 3,2 5.79 (4.1) 32,6 138.79 (92.6) 3,2 0,556 0,566
   Emergencies 1.88 (2.2) 10,3 164.65 (200.1) 3,8 2.18 (2.6) 11,5 191.49 (228.7) 4,4 1.63 (1.9) 9,2 142.66 (170.3) 3,3 0,001 0,002
   Hospital contacts 2.41 (3.3) 13,2 276.10 (491.8) 6,4 2.50 (3.1) 13,2 241.12 (431.0) 5,6 2.33 (3.4) 13,1 304.75 (535.2) 7,0 0,042 0,806
   Tests 3.59 (2.6) 19,7 212.17 (242.0) 4,9 3.81 (2.7) 20,1 237.41 (273.9) 5,5 3.41 (2.5) 19,2 191.5 (210.2) 4,4 0,009 0,007
Delivery               
   Maternal admission 1 5,5 2,453.48 (819.4) 56,7 1 5,3 2,474.42 (823.7) 57,5 1 5,6 2,436.32 (816.1) 56,1   0,050
   Neonatal admission 1.03 (0.2) 5,6 859.48 (1,575.4) 19,9 1.03 (0.2) 5,5 825.56 (1,321.1) 19,2 1.02 (0.1) 5,7 887.26 (1,757.2) 20,4 0,187 0,325
Three-month postnatal care               
   Primary care visits 1.44 (1.5) 7,9 30.69 (30.9) 0,7 1.50 (1.6) 7,9 32.14 (33.2) 0,7 1.39 (1.4) 7,8 29.51 (28.9) 0,7 0,617 0,495
   Hospital contacts               
Newborn 0.80 (1.3) 4,4 139.35 (526.7) 3,2 0.75 (1.2) 4,0 126.86 (456.8) 2,9 0.84 (1.3) 4,8 149.58 (577.9) 3,4 0,231 0,250
Mother 0.32 (1.0) 1,8 52.37 (566.1) 1,2 0.34 (0.9) 1,8 39.90 (173.4) 0,9 0.31 (1.1) 1,7 62.59 (747.4) 1,4 0,211 0,229
   Tests 0.02 (0.4) 0,1 1.60 (35.7) 0,0 0.01 (0.2) 0,1 0.89 (15.3) 0,0 0.03 (0.6) 0,2 2.19 (46.2) 0,1 0,908 0,905
Total per delivery 18.28 (8.1) 100 4,327.82 (2,377.3) 100 18.93 (8.3) 100 4,306.67 (1,974.1) 100 17.75 (7.9) 100 4,345.15 (2,664.1) 100 0,004 0,079
Total for all deliveries 18.756   4.440.344,12   8.745   1.989.679,43   10.011   2.450.664,68    
  1. Acts and costs are expressed as means (standard deviation). Percentages are calculated over the total amount of activity or costs. P-values for Mann-Whiteny U tests.