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Table 6 Linear Mixed Model Regression

From: Predictors and outcomes of patient safety culture in hospitals

   Frequency of Events Reported Perception of Patient Safety
   Beta (Standard Error) P-value Beta (Standard Error) P-value
Composite Supervisor/manager expectations and actions promoting safety -0.019 (0.029) 0.52 0.094 (0.016) <0.001
  Organizational Learning-Continuous Improvement 0.159 (0.029) <0.001 0.129 (0.016) <0.001
  Teamwork Within Hospital Units 0.000042 (0.028) 1.00 0.111 (0.016) <0.001
  Communication Openness 0.044 (0.023) 0.05 0.039 (0.013) <0.001
  Feedback and Communication About Errors 0.366 (0.023) <0.001 0.021 (0.013) 0.10
  Non-punitive Response to Error 0.040 (0.021) 0.06 0.031 (0.012) 0.01
  Staffing -0.017 (0.023) 0.46 0.120 (0.013) <0.001
  Hospital Management Support for Patient Safety 0.050 (0.026) 0.05 0.099 (0.015) <0.001
  Hospital Handoffs and Transitions 0.028 (0.025) 0.26 0.163 (0.014) <0.001
  Teamwork Across Hospital Units 0.100 (0.029) 0.001 -0.045 (0.017) <0.001
Position Physician -0.042 (0.076) 0.58 -0.075 (0.046) 0.10
  Pharmacist -0.214 (0.195) 0.27 -0.079 (0.118) 0.50
  Other health professions 0.079 (0.129) 0.54 0.073 (0.078) 0.35
  Unit assistant/Clerk/Secretary/Technician 0.016 (0.053) 0.76 0.054 (0.031) 0.08
  Administration -0.012 (0.108) 0.91 -0.035 (0.062) 0.57
  Quality and Safety -0.346 (0.153) 0.02 0.045 (0.094) 0.63
  Other -0.001 (0.061) 0.98 0.041 (0.034) 0.22
  Nurse 0   0  
Accredited Yes 0.010 (0.064) 0.87 0.113 (0.043) 0.01
  No 0   0  
Hospital Size Small 0.069 (0.082) 0.41 -0.035 (0.058) 0.54
  Medium 0.026 (0.086) 0.76 0.0001 (0.061) 1.00
  Large 0   0  
N   4046   3971