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Table 4 Distribution of two outcome variables across hospital and respondent characteristics

From: Predictors and outcomes of patient safety culture in hospitals

 

Patient Safety Grade

Number of Events Reported

 

Excellent or Very Good

Acceptable

Poor or Failing

 

No event reports

1 to 5 event reports

>5 events reported

 
 

N

%

N

%

N

%

P-Value

N

%

N

%

N

%

P-Value

Work area/unit where respondents spend most of their work time

       

Many different hospital units/no specific unit

458

64.2%

225

31.6%

30

4.2%

<0.001

323

49.9%

266

41.1%

58

9.0%

<0.001

Administration

353

68.8%

142

27.7%

18

3.5%

 

311

63.5%

116

23.7%

63

12.9%

 

Medical

1181

72.5%

414

25.4%

35

2.1%

 

831

57.6%

525

36.4%

86

6.0%

 

Surgical

1049

72.3%

359

24.7%

43

3.0%

 

769

59.2%

457

35.2%

74

5.7%

 

Diagnostics

602

83.6%

112

15.6%

6

0.8%

 

390

60.4%

202

31.3%

54

8.4%

 

Other

480

81.8%

99

16.9%

8

1.4%

 

323

60.8%

156

29.4%

52

9.8%

 

Position at the hospital

              

Nurse

2581

71.3%

941

26.0%

99

2.7%

<0.001

1845

57.2%

1190

36.9%

191

5.9%

<0.001

Physician

148

63.3%

80

34.2%

6

2.6%

 

117

57.1%

71

34.6%

17

8.3%

 

Pharmacist

53

77.9%

15

22.1%

0

0.0%

 

23

37.7%

22

36.1%

16

26.2%

 

Other health professions

83

73.5%

25

22.1%

5

4.4%

 

61

55.5%

44

40.0%

5

4.5%

 

Unit assistant/clerk/secretary/Technician

676

79.6%

162

19.1%

11

1.3%

 

521

68.4%

195

25.6%

46

6.0%

 

Administration

107

63.3%

53

31.4%

9

5.3%

 

81

48.5%

59

35.3%

27

16.2%

 

Quality and Safety

72

67.9%

30

28.3%

4

3.8%

 

41

41.8%

28

28.6%

29

29.6%

 

Other

538

81.6%

115

17.5%

6

0.9%

 

374

61.0%

187

30.5%

52

8.5%

 

Years of experience at hospital

              

Less than 1 year

556

70.8%

203

25.9%

26

3.3%

0.001

476

68.7%

180

26.0%

37

5.3%

<0.001

1 to 5 years

1734

72.4%

586

24.5%

72

3.0%

 

1229

56.3%

788

36.1%

165

7.6%

 

6 to 10 years

882

74.2%

289

24.3%

18

1.5%

 

599

55.5%

386

35.8%

94

8.7%

 

11 to 15 years

625

78.2%

160

20.0%

14

1.8%

 

414

58.2%

246

34.6%

51

7.2%

 

16 to 20 years

277

73.5%

96

25.5%

4

1.1%

 

197

60.6%

107

32.9%

21

6.5%

 

21 years or more

343

73.1%

120

25.6%

6

1.3%

 

244

58.9%

136

32.9%

34

8.2%

 

Hospital Size (El-Jardali et al., 2010)

              

Small (<100 beds)

2214

73.1%

748

24.7%

66

2.2%

0.563

1600

58.2%

948

34.5%

199

7.2%

0.179

Medium (100-199 beds)

1751

74.0%

553

23.4%

61

2.6%

 

1235

59.1%

684

32.7%

172

8.2%

 

Large (>=200 beds)

550

72.5%

187

24.6%

22

2.9%

 

389

58.2%

240

35.9%

39

5.8%

 

Interaction with patients

              

Yes

3562

73.1%

1196

24.5%

119

2.4%

0.153

2486

56.9%

1574

36.0%

310

7.1%

<0.001

No

805

75.6%

239

22.4%

21

2.0%

 

648

65.1%

266

26.7%

81

8.1%

 

Hospital Accreditation Status (El-Jardali et al., 2010)

              

Yes

3871

74.2%

1224

23.5%

121

2.3%

<0.001

2687

57.5%

1621

34.7%

361

7.7%

0.001

No

644

68.8%

264

28.2%

28

3.0%

 

537

64.2%

251

30.0%

49

5.9%