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Table 5 Results from multivariate regression for mean total 1-year short-term disability costs

From: Economic burden of illness of acute coronary syndromes: medical and productivity costs

Variables Cost Ratio 95% CI p-value
Age Groups
   Age 45-54 (vs. ≤44 years) 1.065 0.816 - 1.389 0.645
   Age 55+ (vs. ≤44 years) 0.991 0.771 - 1.274 0.942
Gender
   Female 0.675 0.534 - 0.855 0.001
Plan Type
   Comprehensive (vs. HMO) 0.917 0.655 - 1.284 0.615
   PPO (vs. HMO) 1.173 0.861 - 1.598 0.312
   POS (vs. HMO) 0.655 0.424 - 1.013 0.057
Charlson score = 1 (vs. Charlson score = 0) 1.186 0.977 - 1.441 0.085
Charlson score > 1 (vs. Charlson score = 0) 1.146 0.906 - 1.450 0.256
MI listed as the primary diagnosis 1.542 1.329 - 1.788 < 0.001
CABG (vs. MM) 2.677 2.230 - 3.214 < 0.001
PCI (vs. MM) 1.304 1.092 - 1.558 0.003
  1. CABG = coronary artery bypass graft; CI = confidence interval; HMO = health maintenance organization; MI = myocardial infarction; MM = medical management; PCI = percutaneous coronary intervention; POS = point of service; PPO = preferred provider organization.