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Table 4 Number, average task length and overall percentage of tasks completed using specific information tools

From: How much time do nurses have for patients? a longitudinal study quantifying hospital nurses' patterns of task time distribution and interactions with health professionals

Information tools used to complete task Period Number of tasks Mean task length (seconds) Percentage of observation time 95% Confidence intervals Rate per 100 tasks
Permanent Record Year 1 2292 50.05 29.02 26.86 31.17 30.4
Permanent Record Year 3 2027 50.80 35.11 32.82 37.40 32.3
Paper Year 1 302 125.36* 9.58 7.02 12.14 4.0
Paper Year 3 282 79.23* 7.62 5.75 9.49 4.5
Desk PC Year 1 43 98.47 1.07 0.74 1.40 0.6
Desk PC Year 3 77 72.05 1.89 1.45 2.34 1.2
Phone Year 1 135 62.72 2.14 1.79 2.50 1.8
Phone Year 3 152 51.63 2.68 2.22 3.13 2.4
Nothing Year 1 4869 58.41* 71.94 66.34 77.54 64.5
Nothing Year 3 3912 51.76* 69.04 63.32 74.77 62.3
  1. *Indicates significant change in year 1 and year 3 average task times (P < 0.01)