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Table 3 Number, proportion and average task times in year 1 and year 3 by task type

From: How much time do nurses have for patients? a longitudinal study quantifying hospital nurses' patterns of task time distribution and interactions with health professionals

Task Period Number of tasks Total time spent on task (hrs) Mean task length (seconds) Number of tasks per hour Percentage of total time 95% Confidence intervals
Direct care Year 1 1009 22.4 80 9.2 20.4 18.3% 22.4%
  Year 3 958 20.2 76 11.8 24.8 22.7% 26.9%
Indirect care Year 1 1098 14.2 47 10.0 13.0 11.6% 14.3%
  Year 3 1059 13.1 45 13.0 16.1 14.3% 18.0%
Medication tasks Year 1 1808 20.9 42* 16.5 19.0 18.1% 19.9%
  Year 3 1296 17.0 47* 15.9 20.9 18.7% 23.0%
Documentation Year 1 416 10.7 92* 3.8 9.7 7.7% 11.7%
  Year 3 342 6.0 63* 4.2 7.3 6.4% 8.2%
Professional Year 1 1612 26.3 59* 14.7 24.0 20.7% 27.2%
communication Year 3 1688 15.6 33* 20.7 19.2 17.1% 21.3%
Ward activities Year 1 72 2.9 144* 0.7 2.6 1.7% 3.6%
  Year 3 143 3.2 80* 1.8 3.9 2.6% 5.2%
In transit Year 1 1251 8.1 23 11.4 7.4 6.7% 8.0%
  Year 3 584 3.8 23 7.2 4.6 2.9% 6.4%
Supervision Year 1 116 2.6 80 1.1 2.3 1.7% 3.0%
  Year 3 94 2.6 101 1.2 3.2 2.5% 4.0%
Social Year 1 90 13.3 531 0.8 12.1 8.5% 15.7%
  Year 3 85 8.5 360 1.0 10.4 7.0% 13.9%
Other Year 1 78 0.7 30 0.7 0.6 0.5% 0.8%
  Year 3 31 0.7 84 0.4 0.9 0% 2.0%
  1. *Indicates significant change in year 1 and year 3 average task length times (P < 0.05)