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Table 2 Time spent by nurses with other health professionals and patients

From: How much time do nurses have for patients? a longitudinal study quantifying hospital nurses' patterns of task time distribution and interactions with health professionals

With whom Period Number of tasks Mean task length (seconds) Percentage* (%) 95% Confidence intervals
Alone Year 1 2630 41.37# 27.52 24.45 30.59
  Year 3 2288 50.48# 39.38 34.90 43.87
Patient Year1 2394 61.01 36.95 34.55 39.34
  Year 3 1666 62.77 35.66 33.29 38.03
Relative Year 1 401 59.69 6.05 5.27 6.84
  Year 3 282 57.45 5.52 4.71 6.34
Nurse Year 1 2665 80.64# 54.36 49.05 59.67
  Year 3 2229 53.87# 40.95 36.93 44.97
Doctor Year 1 327 44.19 3.66 3.26 4.05
  Year 3 240 43.37 3.55 2.96 4.14
Allied Health Year1 83 55.67 1.17 0.88 1.46
  Year 3 67 34.48 0.79 0.60 0.98
Pharmacy Year 1 31 46.23 0.36 0.20 0.52
  Year 3 35 40.49 0.48 0.37 0.60
Health professional^ Year 1 2976 76.57# 57.64 52.30 62.98
  Year 3 2518 52.34# 44.94 40.88 49.00
Other Year1 416 51.87 5.46 4.82 6.10
  Year 3 290 38.52 3.81 3.18 4.44
  1. *Percentage of observed task time. The categories of with who are not mutually exclusive (with the exception of 'alone'). ^Health professional includes nurses, doctors, allied health professional including pharmacists. # indicates a statistically significant change in year 1 and year 3 average task lengths(P < 0.05).