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Table 2 Factors influencing the odds of bypassing a nearer facility by caretakers in the two districts (n = 348)

From: Why caretakers bypass Primary Health Care facilities for child care - a case from rural Tanzania

Risk factor for bypassing Reported nearer facility Bypassers OR1 AOR2
  n = 348 n = 206 (95% CI) (95% CI)
Study Site     
Korogwe 171 113 (66.1) 1.8 (1.1-2.7)* 1.8 (1.0-3.3)*
Muheza 177 93 (52.5) Ref Ref
Child sex     
Female 155 88 (56.8) Ref Ref
Male 193 118 (61.1) 1.2 (0.8-1.8) 1.5 (0.8-2.8)
Child age (months)     
0-11 127 73 (57.5) Ref Ref
12-23 88 55 (62.5) 1.2 (0.7-2.1) 1.4 (0.6-3.0)
24+ 132 77 (58.3) 1.0 (0.6-1.7) 1.1 (0.5-2.3)
Number of living children     
1 child 86 59 (68.6) 2.0 (1.1-3.8)* 1.1 (0.5-2.7)
2-3 children 168 98 (58.3) 1.3 (0.8-2.2) 1.1 (0.5-2.4)
4 or more 91 47 (51.6) Ref Ref
Caretakers Level of Education     
No formal education 74 39 (52.7) Ref Ref
Primary education 256 152 (59.4) 1.3 (0.8-2.2) 1.0 (0.5-2.2)
Post-primary education. 18 15 (83.3) 4.5 (1.2-16.8)* 1.4 (0.3-6.9)
SES     
Low 108 59 (54.6) Ref Ref
Middle or high 240 147 (61.2) 1.3 (0.8-2.1) 1.5 (0.8-2.8)
Travel time to district hospital     
0-59 minutes 73 56 (77.0) 3.1 (1.6-5.8)* 3.5 (1.5-8.2)*
60-119 minutes 110 80 (72.7) 2.4 (1.4-4.2)* 2.4 (1.2-4.8)*
120+ minutes 126 66 (52.4) Ref Ref
Symptoms duration     
   1-2 days 167 131 (78.4) 8.0 (4.4-14.4)* 11.0 (5.1-23.7)*
   3-4 days 98 49 (50.0) 2.2 (1.2-4.0)* 5.0 (2.2-11.2)*
   5 or more days 85 28 (31.3) Ref Ref
Disease Severity 3     
Non-severe 120 98 (81.7) 5.3 (3.1-9.0)* 4.5 (2.2-9.1)*
Severe disease 203 93 (45.8) Ref Ref
  1. * - Significant findings
  2. 1 Unadjusted Odds Ratio from bivariate analysis
  3. 2 Adjusted Odds Ratio for all other variables
  4. 3 Non-severe disease above includes: Non-severe malaria, non-severe pneumonia and acute watery diarrhoea with no dehydration
  5. Severe disease included: Severe malaria, moderately severe and very severe pneumonia, and acute watery diarrhoea with some and with severe dehydration.