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Table 2 Multilevel logistic regression analysis of contact with the prison health services in 29 prisons

From: Health care help seeking behaviour among prisoners in Norway

Independent variables Unadjusted OR1 95% CI Adjusted OR1 95% CI
Patient level variables       
Age in 10-year intervals 1.24 1.1 1.4 1.26 1.1 1.4
Sex (female = 1) 0.84 0.4 1.8 0.76 0.3 1.9
No drug misuse outside prison (reference) 1.00    1.00   
   - rarely 1.15 0.8 1.8 1.15 0.7 1.8
   - sometimes 1.21 0.9 1.7 1.26 0.9 1.8
   - often 1.06 0.7 1.6 0.98 0.6 1.5
   - all the time 1.87 1.3 2.8 1.65 1.1 2.6
No sleep problems (reference) 1.00    1.00   
   - rarely 1.44 0.9 2.2 1.29 0.8 2.0
   - sometimes 1.46 1.0 2.1 1.26 0.9 1.8
   - often 2.93 2.0 4.3 2.31 1.5 3.5
   - all the time 2.83 1.9 4.2 1.96 1.3 3.1
Excellent/very good physical health (reference) 1.00    1.00   
   - good 1.05 0.8 1.4 0.88 0.6 1.2
   - not so good 1.66 1.2 2.4 1.00 0.7 1.6
   - poor 1.93 1.2 3.0 1.09 0.6 1.9
Excellent/very good mental health (reference) 1.00    1.00   
   - good 1.09 0.8 1.5 0.93 0.7 1.3
   - not so good 1.87 1.3 2.6 1.31 0.9 2.0
   - poor 2.10 1.5 3.1 1.45 0.9 2.3
Compulsory/no education (reference) 1.00    1.00   
   - secondary education 0.89 0.7 1.2 0.97 0.7 1.3
   - university/college education 0.75 0.5 1.1 0.75 0.5 1.1
Norwegian as first language (reference) 1.00    1.00   
   - European 0.95 0.7 1.3 1.16 0.8 1.7
   - non-European 1.08 0.8 1.5 1.13 0.8 1.6
Serving sentence (reference) 1.00    1.00   
   - remand prisoner 0.68 0.5 1.0 0.60 0.4 0.9
   - preventive detention 0.72 0.3 1.8 0.45 0.2 1.2
Prison level variables       
Full time staff equivalents/100 prisoners 1.14 1.0 1.3 1.09 0.9 1.3
Capacity (number of prisoners) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.0 1.0
Open prison (reference) 1.00    1..00   
   - closed prison 2.13 1.3 3.5 1.95 1.0 3.9
   - mixed prison 1.32 0.7 2.4 1.25 0.6 2.5
Prison-level variance 0.28 0.1 0.6 0.20 0.1 0.5
ICC 0.08    0.06   
N 1, 383(max)    1, 291   
  1. 1Also adjusted for length of imprisonment