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Table 2 Use of medicines, diagnostic tests and costs in LAK* for uninsured and insured patients

From: Provider performance in treating poor patients - factors influencing prescribing practices in lao PDR: a cross-sectional study

Description Insurance Mean (SD) p-value
  No N = 712 Yes N=116  
Appropriate drug use score 4.9(2.7) 5.9(2.7) 0.0001
Total number of medicines during hospital stay 5.4(2.5) 5.2(3.2) 0.04
- Number of antibiotic injections 0.98(0.89) 0.52(0.86) < 0.0001
- Number of oral antibiotics 0.49(0.58) 0.37(0.68) 0.011
- Number of essential medicines 4.6(2.1) 4.6(2.6) 0.14
- Number of brand drugs 1.3(1.4) 1.2(1.3) 0.54
Average duration of stay (days) 3.7(4.4) 2.7(3.3) 0.002
Cost of medicines (in LAK) 373 060 (772 660) 126 063 (267 340) 0.001
Cost of diagnostic tests (in LAK) 77 826 (123 104) 50 146 (54 929) 0.02
Other costs (in LAK) 360 608 (563 086) 240 745 (394 973) 0.11
Fee charge (in LAK) 53 308 (105 995) 43 166 (89 158) 0.74
  1. * LAK = Lao KIP; 1 USD = 8 500 LAK