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Table 2 Demographic and clinical characteristics of outpatients with schizophrenia and related disorders attended in the mental health area of Carlos Haya Hospital

From: Factors associated with use of community mental health services by schizophrenia patients using multilevel analysis

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS Patients N (%) Outpatient contacts Mean SD
Age (mean ± SD years) 43.9 ±13.23   
Sex   
Male 691 (63.0) 11.71 ± 13.06
Female 406 (37.0) 11.00 ± 14.96
Marital status   
Single 626 (62.7) 13.18 ± 15.11
Married/with partner 230 (23.0) 7.30 ± 7.66
Separated/divorced/widowed 143 (14.3) 12.27 ± 5.36
(Missing data: 98)   
Level of education   
Primary School 456 (46.9) 12.13 ± 14.69
Secondary School 249 (25.6) 12.76 ± 15.24
No formal education and illiterate 166 (17.1) 9.59 ± 10.42
Higher education (Bachelor's degree) 102 (10.4) 10.75 ± 13.07
(Missing data:124)   
Type of living arrangement   
Original family/other relatives or friends 557 (56.1) 12.73 ± 15.49
Own family 267 (26.8) 7.79 ± 8.94
Alone 88 (8.8) 14.32 ± 13.71
Sheltered accommodation 72 (7.2) 14.64 ± 16.04
Homeless 11 (1.1) 13.19 ± 11.22
(Missing data:102)   
Employment status   
Not working, receiving welfare benefits 416 (43.4) 14.16 ± 16.69
Employed 174 (18.1) 8.54 ± 8.95
Unemployed 146 (15.2) 12.01 ± 12.80
Other 95 (9.9) 10.67 ± 14.16
Looking after family or home 76 (7.9) 7.29 ± 7.94
Student 53 (5.5) 11.47 ± 12.20
(Missing data: 137)   
Residence catchment area   
Centro   12.19 ± 13.42
Guadalmedina   11.77 ± 14.90
Outside study area   7.5 ± 8.21
Municipality of residence (ordered by rurality factor*)   
Malaga (city) (-1.78: less rurality) 841 (76.7) 12.39 ± 14.7
Rincon de la Victoria (-1.78) 89 (8.1) 10.12 ± 11.66
Other villages (-1.59 to -0.61: more rurality) 42 (3.8) 7.13 ± 8.6
Outside study area 125(11.4) 7.53 ± 8.21
CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS   
ICD-10 Clinical diagnosis   
F20 Schizophrenia 676 (61.6) 12.73 ± 14.58
F22 Persistent delusional disorders 188 (17.1) 6.41 ± 6.95
F23 Acute and transient psychotic disorders 103 (9.4) 9.87 ± 10.06
F25 Schizoaffective disorders 81 (7.4) 15.73 ± 18.07
F21, F24, F28, F29 Schizotypal disorder, Induced delusional disorder, other non-organic psychotic disorders and unspecified non-organic psychosis 49 (4.5) 9.34 ± 15.49
Global Level of Severity   
Level I (less severity) 471 (50.6) 8.52 ± 9.32
Level II 344 (36.9) 13.47 ± 16.59
Level III 101 (10.8) 20.64 ± 17.05
Level IV (more severity) 16 (1.7) 16.38 ± 12.28
(Missing data:165)   
  1. Distribution of patients (N = 1097) and outpatient contacts with community health services over one year
  2. * -3.59 minimum to 3.78 maximum rurality factor