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Table 1 Hospital characteristics by ownership type

From: Payments and quality of care in private for-profit and public hospitals in Greece

  2001 2002 2003
  PUBLIC PFP PUBLIC PFP PUBLIC PFP
Hospitals, n 139 191 141 179 142 179
Hospital beds, n (% total hospital beds in Greece)* 36, 186 (69.2) 15, 038 (28.8) 36, 142 (69.8) 14, 460 (27.9) 35, 814 (69.2) 14, 528 (28.1)
Hospital beds per 1, 000 population 3.30 1.37 3.29 1.32 3, 25 1, 32
Average hospital bed capacity 260 79 256 81 252 81
Hospitals by hospital bed capacity, n (%)       
1-40 beds 11 (7.9) 76 (39.8) 13 (9.2) 67 (37.4) 14 (9.9) 67 (37.4)
41-100 beds 24 (17.3) 72 (37.7) 26 (18.4) 69 (38.6) 26 (18.3) 68 (38.0)
100-500 beds 86 (61.9) 43 (22.5) 84 (59.6) 43 (24.0) 85 (59.9) 44 (24.6)
> 500 beds 18 (12.9) 0 (0.0) 18 (12.8) 0 (0.0) 17 (12.0) 0 (0.0)
Hospital beds by hospital specialty, n (%)       
General 26, 193 (72.4) 7, 492 (49.8) 26, 753 (74.0) 7, 343(50.8) 27, 114 (75.7) 7, 215 (49.7)
Mixed 0 (0.0) 1, 370 (9.1) 0 (0.0) 998 (6.9) 0 (0.0) 979 (6.7)
Maternity 384 (1.1) 1, 007 (6.7) 384 (1.1) 930 (6.4) 384 (1.1) 906 (6.2)
Psychiatric 5, 631 (15.6) 4, 386 (29.2) 5, 561 (15.4) 4, 392 (30.4) 4, 929 (13.8) 4, 567 (31.4)
Pediatric 1, 517 (4.2) 46 (0.3) 1, 529 (4.2) 77 (0.5) 1, 512 (4.2) 74 (0.5)
Other specialty† 2, 461 (6.8) 737 (4.9) 1, 915 (5.3) 720 (5.0) 1, 875 (5.2) 787 (5.4)
Patients discharged, n (% all patients discharged)* 1, 444, 743 (80.1) 327, 175 (18.2) 1, 499, 464 (79.8) 334, 760 (17.8) 1, 533, 030 (79.0) 356, 295 (18.4)
Patients discharged by hospital specialty, n (%)       
General 1, 271, 624 (88.0) 230, 468 (70.4) 1, 345, 272 (89.7) 249, 392 (74.5) 1, 380, 384 (90.0) 269, 992 (75.8)
Mixed 0 (0.0) 49, 136 (15.0) 0 (0.0) 35, 176 (10.5) 0 (0.0) 34, 312 (9.6)
Maternity 19, 376 (1.3) 27, 440 (8.4) 19, 896 (1.3) 28, 072 (8.4) 19, 880 (1.3) 28, 632 (8.0)
Psychiatric 12, 868 (0.9) 9, 691 (3.0) 14, 140 (0.9) 9, 720 (2.9) 14, 912 (1.0) 9, 935 (2.8)
Pediatric 72, 192 (5.0) 296 (0.1) 69, 376 (4.6) 432 (0.1) 66, 576 (4.3) 2, 280 (0.6)
Other specialty† 68, 683 (4.8) 10, 144 (3.1) 50, 780 (3.4) 11, 968 (3.6) 51, 278 (3.3) 11, 144 (3.1)
Patients discharged by patient insurance scheme, n (%)       
IKA 516, 056 (35.7) 125, 474 (38.4) 524, 836 (35.0) 154, 540 (46.2) 566, 719 (37.0) 168, 236 (47.2)
OGA†† 543, 408 (37.6) 18, 458 (5.6) 483, 125 (32.2) 20, 952 (6.3) 203, 041 (13.2) 20, 719 (5.8)
TEBE 67, 594 (4.7) 10, 575 (3.2) 68, 446 (4.6) 13, 661 (4.1) 64, 931 (4.2) 16, 981 (4.8)
Other insurance scheme‡ 317, 685 (22.0) 172, 668 (52.8) 423, 057 (28.2) 145, 607 (43.5) 698, 339 (45.6) 150, 359 (42.2)
Average hospital (all specialties) occupancy rate 81.8% 60.9% 82.4% 68.9% 101.4% 65.5%
Average general hospital occupancy rate 79.3% 50.7% 81.4% 60.7% 82.1% 61.0%
  1. PFP: Private For-Profit. *All public, private for-profit and private not for-profit hospitals are included; military hospitals are not included.
  2. † Other Specialty: Includes surgical clinics, eye clinics, oncology hospitals, dermatological hospitals, and infectious disease hospitals.
  3. †† The decline in OGA beneficiaries discharged from public hospitals during 2002-2003 is a logistical consequence rather than an actual fact. Between March 2002 and December 2004 the Greek government erased the debt of OGA to public hospitals; this amounted to 941 million Euros.
  4. ‡ Other Insurance Schemes: includes patient beneficiaries of 32 Social Health Insurance Schemes, patients insured with Private Health Insurance Schemes, and the uninsured.