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Table 4 Relative Risk Ratios from Multinomial Logistic Regression Predicting Barrier Class Membership.

From: Patterns of perceived barriers to medical care in older adults: a latent class analysis

  Class 2 vs. Class 1
Availability Barriers/No Barriers
Class 3 vs. Class 1
Accommodation/No Barriers
Class 4 vs. Class 1
Severe Barriers/No Barriers
  RRR 95% CI RRR 95% CI RRR 95% CI
Predisposing characteristics       
   Age in years 0.94 0.78 - 1.14 0.97 0.88 - 1.07 1.17 0.88 - 1.57
   Male (reference is female) 1.40* 1.07 - 1.84 1.14 0.99 - 1.31 1.43 0.94 - 2.18
   Married (reference is unmarried) 1.06 0.74 - 1.52 0.85 0.70 - 1.04 0.70 0.44 - 1.11
   Education in years 1.03 0.98 - 1.09 1.00 0.97 - 1.03 1.02 0.93 - 1.13
Enabling characteristics       
   Total household income (logged) 1.02 0.98 - 1.06 0.99 0.97 - 1.02 0.96 0.90 - 1.02
   Health insurance       
Any private insurance (reference)       
Public insurance only 1.05 0.71 - 1.54 0.86 0.66 - 1.12 1.29 0.68 - 2.44
Uninsured 1.32 0.64 - 2.75 0.89 0.58 - 1.35 3.48** 1.68 - 7.24
   County rurality       
Large metropolitan (reference)       
Small metropolitan 1.35 0.94 - 1.05 0.84 0.63 - 1.12 1.23 0.79 - 1.92
Micropolitan 1.63* 1.05 - 2.53 1.02 0.81 - 1.30 1.13 0.64 - 1.99
Rural 4.18** 2.94 - 5.93 0.86 0.66 - 1.13 2.72** 1.62 - 4.57
Need characteristics       
   Number of diagnosed conditions 1.06* 1.01 - 1.12 1.02 0.98 - 1.06 1.05 0.95 - 1.16
   Depressive symptomatology 1.80** 1.32 - 2.44 1.52** 1.26 - 1.86 2.59** 1.58 - 4.26
   Any ambulation limitations 1.17 0.75 - 1.86 0.97 0.73 - 1.30 0.91 0.38 - 2.23
   Any dexterity limitations 1.20 0.55 - 2.61 1.40 0.85 - 2.29 0.36 0.05 - 2.72
   Any cognitive limitations 1.42* 1.08 - 1.86 1.27* 1.07 - 1.49 0.89 0.58 - 1.35
   Any pain limitations 1.11 0.82 - 1.49 1.14 0.99 - .131 1.19 0.76 - 1.88
   Any speech limitations 1.38 0.66 - 2.86 1.28 0.78 - 2.14 4.09** 1.86 - 9.03
   Any hearing limitations 2.18** 1.30 - 3.71 0.94 0.64 - 1.38 1.23 0.27 - 3.22
  1. N = 5,465. One asterisk (*) indicates significance at the 5% level while two asterisks (**) indicates significance at the 1% level. Statistical comparisons are relative to the No Barriers group. RRR stands for Relative Risk Ratio.