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Table 5 Inter-correlations of the 12 HSOPS_M dimensions

From: Psychometric properties of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture for hospital management (HSOPS_M)

Factor PSG 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1 Hospital management support for patient safety .50            
2 Supervisor/manager expectations/actions .48 .60           
3 Teamwork across hospital units .49 .58 .55          
4 Teamwork within units .45 .47 .49 .59         
5 Communication openness .37 .47 .52 .46 .44        
6 Hospital handoffs and transitions .49 .53 .48 .62 .46 .40       
7 Nonpunitive response to error .43 .50 .54 .53 .46 .48 .49      
8 Feedback and communication about error .38 .60 .54 .48 .47 .62 .43 .47     
9 Staffing .32 .44 .38 .32 .34 .22 .42 .38 .27    
10 Organizational learning .44 .59 .53 .49 .55 .50 .41 .43 .59 .22   
11 Overall perceptions of safety .62 .64 .60 .54 .48 .46 .57 .60 .53 .48 .56  
12 Frequency of event reporting .33 .42 .39 .32 .30 .47 .33 .32 .49 .13 .45 .41
  1. NOTE: PSG = Patient Safety Grade. All correlations are significant at p ≤ 0.001.